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Wednesday, July 12, 2017


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  1. 1 point
    Acccording to the dictates of von Clausewitz, when you're facing two enemies... you concentrate on the most dangerous one first. The Pentagon had decided that Germany's high tech and industrial muscle represented the more dangerous of the two countries with whom the USA was officially at war. Add-in the influence of Hollywood - a truly unreliable source of information. A sheepfarming friend from Maryland assured me with complete sincerity that "The British didn't fight against the Japanese, you know." Which would have come as a surprise to my late father-in-law, who mservied in the "forgotten" XIV Army under Field Marshall Slim. ("Forgotten" because when the Nazis surrendered, so many people decided that THE WAR was now over.) The Brits - and the Indians - mainly fought the Japanese on the Asian mainland, including some vicious set-piece battles involving substantial numbers of casualties. It really wasn't ALL "Island hopping".
  2. 1 point
    Add to that the Luftwaffe's only previous experience of the RAF was gained during the Battle of France. That is, an RAF without the game-changing effect of RADAR and the tactical co-ordination it made possible; without significant mechanical improvements to both the Hurricane and Spitfire, and without the significantly improved high octane fuel provided by the USA.Both the RAF and Luftwaffe made inflated claims of the number of "kills" they achieved, but when the battle is being fought over enemy territory, it's the owner of that territory who are in a position to count the number of crashed planes. Not all crashed planes indicate lost crews. RAF pilots who "bailed out" over home territory, if not seriously injured, could plausibly be flying again the next day, in a new plane.Germany's intelligence network in England had effectively been rolled up on day #1 of the way. They had almost no way to verify THEIR inflated claims. At the time of the projected invasion, Germany's estimate of the size of the RAF (a fairly crucial figure!) was nowhere NEAR accurate.Not only was the RAF far from destroyed, new pilots were arriving daily from training schools throughout the Empire, and aircraft production had dramatically increased as well. A situation which amply demonstrates the importance of having adequate intelligence. Germany did NOT have the information that it needed. Moreover they were planning on launching an invasion from hostile territory, with hostile civilians overlooking (and reporting!) their every move. From an intelligence viewpoint, it's the worst of all worlds - you have very little idea of what the enemy is up to, but their friends are passing information about YOU, all the time. And, of course, the "Code school" at Bletchley Park was beginning to decypher messages that Germany imagined to be unreadable to their enemies.
  3. 1 point
    For me it would be the T-34/85, the ultimate WWII version of the T-34.
  4. 1 point
    Surely we flogged this pretty much to death a few weeks back, when discussing USAAF strategy after Schweinfurt? The Luftwaffe - despite inflicting huge casualties on the bomber stream - learned that the significant number of ,5" machine guns per American bomber was doing serious damage to the interceptors, so they changed strategy, and switched to slower, slightly heavier, definitely more heavily armour-protected fighters. attacking the bombers head-on, but from further away, using air-to-air missiles which also reduced the fighters' ability to manoeuvre, and their speed. The USAAF ALSO changed strategy, as serious numbers of long-range fighters became available; Billy Mitchell gave orders that untied the fighters from the bombers, and sent them in AHEAD of the bombers, looking to pick a fight with whatever got in the way - and the bombers briefly concentrated on specifically attacking fighter production plants. The interceptors being used by the Luftwaffe, while well developed to attack a relatively slow bomber stream from some distance away, were not well suited to mixing it with far more nimble fighters. Air-to-air missiles, at that time, were larely unsuited to dogfighting.
  5. 1 point
    At the risk of being pedantic, the ME-262 was not the first aircraft that carried air-to air missiles. Nieuport scouts in WW1 carried Le Prieur rockets , while Russian Polikarpov I-16s downed Japanese aircraft over Khalkhin Gol in 1939 using RS-82 rockets
  6. 1 point
    More like "stirring the shit". At the end of WW2, Ho Chi Min foolishly believed that true to the spirit of 1776, the USA would want to protect them from "tyranical European Imperialism".How wrong can you be?! I was in Warsaw, not long after the installation of the memorial statues commemorating the Uprising against the German Occupation. The Official tourist magazine included a substantial article about the airdrops made the the Armja Krajowa by the RAF and the USAAF. According to the article, the RAF airdropped gear from pretty much treetop height... and the USAF dropped it from several thousand feet.A further sub article covered the graves of bomber crews who'd lost their lives attempting to re-supply the Poles. Rather more dead RAF crews than USAAF. The magazine wasn't 101% reliable - they managed to confuse Zyklon B with Zyklonit (the Poison gas used in concentration camps, vs. an early fuel/air explosive mixture used to clear out sewers under Warsaw. Explosions apparently left paper-thin bodies of rats plastered to the walls) Now THERE is a prime example of the USA dropping equipment to less than ideal people. As the Third Reich finally collapsed, German forces were reduced to using captured Sten Guns (or close copies of them that they'd made themselves.).
  7. 1 point
    Not to be too "picky," but the P-47 and EVERY other WWII aircraft that had one of those "round piston engines," had RADIAL, not ROTARY engines in them. The biggest difference (which you probably know) is that a rotary engine has a stationary crankshaft and the crankcase, cylinders, etc rotate (as in a GnomeLe, Clerrget or Rhone Rotary - these were 3 WWI rotaries), and had the prop connected to this assembly of parts. The P-47to, name only ONE aircraft, had a radial engine, in which the cylinders, etc are stationary and the crankshaft was what rotated and had the prop connected to it.
  8. 1 point
    I considered - then rejected - the Humber. Too tall, and the turret doesn't look right. I have doubts about the Daimler - the driver's hatch on the original piccies seems to be large, and slightly offset to the right. Note also, with the Humber, the "lip" at the top of the Glacis plate to prevent incoming fire getting under the turret. Too bad that Jim, my former father-in-law is no longer with us: he enlisted in the Indian Army in 1936, Their equipment was NOT (entirely) the same as that used by the British Army. The "Brits" used the BREN gun, the Indian army used the (very similar looking) Vickers Berthier. Could be that the pictures are of a variety of armoured car/recce' vehicle that was peculiar to the Indian Army (and with which I'm unfamiliar) The Mk2 VB LMG is a case in point. Most people see it and say "That's a Bren Gun" Except it's NOT!
  9. 1 point
    Since 1947 Canada has named its Lakes after Soldiers who lost their lives This article states that a Canadian "an NFL star Jonathan Toews" I googled his name and sure enough he is a NHL player
  10. 1 point
    The Le Touret Memorial The Le Touret Memorial commemorates over 13,400 British soldiers who were killed in this sector of the Western Front from the beginning of October 1914 to the eve of the Battle of Loos in late September 1915 and who have no known grave. This part of the Western Front was the scene of some of the heaviest fighting of the first year of the war, including the battles of La Bassée (10th October – 2nd November 1914), Neuve Chapelle (10th – 12th March 1915), Aubers Ridge (9th – 10th May 1915), and Festubert (15th – 25th May 1915)

    © Adrian Dunne

  11. 1 point
    Thai you to all that replied, somewhere a long the line I missed the notion that the atomic bomb was originally meant for Germany.Well you learn something new everyday. Thank you again everyone.
  12. 1 point
    That was the targeting list that was being considered. The other possibility was the synthetic oil plants, that were proving to be very hard to knock out with conventional weapons. I am not sure with an airburst the atonic bombs as built would have been any better than conventional weapons. For that type of target a surface burst would be required. Remember that the ones actually used were what would be low-yield weapons now. The Little Boy used on Hiroshima was betwee 12.5 and 15 kilotons (I have seen both figures cited(, while the Fat Man on Nagasaki was about 22 kilotons. An airburst to maximize overpressure would present limited fallout hazards, as it would be very widely dispersed.
  13. 1 point
    There is a serious inaccuracy at the beginning of the article https://www.warhistoryonline.com/instant-articles/helsinki-bombings-1944.html?full-theme=1 ...claiming that Finland was invaded by the USSR during the Winter War. While they did invade some land areas in the eastern Finland, in fact Finland was never invaded by USSR and Helsinki remained together with London and Moscow the only European capital of a country having participated the War that WAS NOT invaded during the war. ”Finland, along with Poland, was entangled in WWII from the very beginning. In November 1939, the USSR invaded the Scandinavian country and, in 1940, despite significant resistance by the Finns, the Moscow Peace Treaty was signed.”
  14. 1 point
    I'm not sure that quagmire in Karelia is any better than snow for moving troops and equipment. But attrition was a big problem for the Finns for sure. It's doubtful that they could hold off RKKA for another month or so.
  15. 1 point
    The designers and builders of the first Atomic bombs always assumed that they would be dropped on Germany, with the primary targets the industrial Ruhr Valley. When Germany collapsed, the scientist thought that bomb development would be stopped. Most were against dropping in on Japan, or having a demonstration drop. The scientists led a very sheltered life in the New Mexico desert. They knew that the Nazis were bad, but had no idea about how nasty the fighting with Japan had gotten.
  16. 1 point
    You are right, my bad (English). Good article highlighting one part of a miracle.
  17. 1 point
    The Brits were there too: they turned the story ("Yangtse Incident") of HMS Amethyst's adventures into quite a good movie. Chinese Communist forces attempted to trap the ship in the river... she managed to escape, but it took quite a while. The Chinese were reluctantly to actually attack the ship, but tried, repeatedly, to block its passage downstream to the sea, or to go ashore to replenish supplies. Take a look at IMDB or Google "HMS Amethyst"
  18. 1 point
    Anyone know some interesting titles? Cannot wait to see some of these (except the no.1 from the video): Post scriptum looks very tempting
  19. 1 point
    Mauthausen Concentration Camp Today (2017) In 2017 I’ve journeyed to Austria and the Mauthausen Concentration Camp, near Linz. I’ve studied the history of the main sites and want to share it with my photos of how it looks today. A 5000-words material for those, who are interested. https://war-documentary.info/mauthausen-concentration-camp-today/
  20. 1 point
    Saw X Co. well done, good sets,costuming Plot lines, scripts, Only on Ovation Channel, 7PM PST, 10 PM EST, Monday.
  21. 1 point
    Ja Joris , they dit the same thing a few days later when the troops were already inland . As bonus they killed US General Leslie Mc Nair !!
  22. 1 point
    I'll join you in this question, I've heard about it too but nothing solid.
  23. 1 point
    Welcome aboard, Bob!
  24. 1 point
  25. 1 point
    Fair enough. Plan Barbarossa called for the establishment of the straight Arkhangelsk-Astrakhan (north-south) line cutting most of the European part of the USSR from its Asian part. Obviously, it was predicated upon the idea that Stalin's regime would fall, should it be accomplished. Perhaps, Stalin would have a hard time hanging on to power if Moscow fell. We know for a fact that the back-up plans were in motion to move the Soviet government to Kuibyshev (aka Samara). We also know that Stalin was very adept to crisis situations, as he dramatically changed the focus of the Soviet propaganda from "the Proletariat of All Countries Unite" to Russian nationalism, with the revived Orthodox Church symbolism and even previously banished Army Officer ranks. All of that took place in the dire for him Fall of 1941.
  26. 1 point
    Yamamoto knew that taking on America , was probably a losers decision any way. And he knew it way before the first six months, as he said. He had studied in the USA and saw the sleeping giant , being born!
  27. 1 point
    When I have time I will post some pictures of the camps . Al my trips through Europe my father joined me he was a amateur photographer not really interested in the second world war but loved to take pictures of al that he thought was interesting. Sadly hè died 4 months ago but the pictures are stil on his laptop and it' s a little bit difficult to find the right ones because there are 35 thousand pictures on it.
  28. 1 point
    Madanjek and ravensbruck and birkenau (auschwitz2) 1 madanjek Because it is almost intact because the germans had no time to destroy it 2 ravensbruck Because it was a woman only camp and the prison inside the camp is stil intact and when you walk to the main gate on the outside the buildings of the Siemens and blaupunkt are stil there were the prisoners had work 3 birkenau Because it is unbelievable how big it is But every one of them has special things I read allot of books on this subject so I wanted to see the places I read about for example a book about nacht und nebel prisoners ( it was a extra punishment for resistance fighters) from holland were send to natzweiler in France so I visited the place to see what is left of it and in honour of the people in that book. I also agree with you that everybody should visit at least one camp. I think it could be a good subject for children about 14-16 years on their schools to show them that peace and all the freedoms we have is not for granted.
  29. 1 point
    My name is Sam Hobbs. I have a general interest in military history. , I am also one of the docents on Boneyard Safari and Maritime Matters.
  30. 1 point
    Hello All Thanks for adding me to the forum . I look forward to reading and or learning more about WW2. Jesse Wise
  31. 1 point
    speaking of Market Garden, i just watched a great documentary about the Black Watch and how they were instrumental in the liberation of Belgium and the Netherlands. the people treated them like kings; giving the soldiers food that they could not spare and sleeping in their basements so the Canadians could have beds. they had interviews with people who were just children at the time. it was quite moving.
  32. 1 point
    Hi I'm Mike Interested in all things military ww2 I have a GPW Jeep. I buy and sell military items, I have been looking into R5679 Lancaster over a 4 year period and was part of the team setting a museum and a memorial up and detailed it's fate over Denmark in 1942 the rear gunner was my distant cousin he bailed out but his chute did not deploy properly.
  33. 1 point
    It's a show about a detective during WW2 who solves crimes that people commit on the homefront. Very realistic, no CGI or anything like that. It pays attention to history. You have to watch it closely though to pay attention to detail, so you can get the mystery. My family and I are going to visit England this August, and I plan to visit Hastings and Dover there, maybe take the chunnel over to Dunkirk. Lots of history.
  34. 1 point
    This is "constructive criticism" and please take it that way. I also seldom read the articles - they must be outsourced to people for whom English is a second language. The editing is also very erratic. An example is the article "These Ten Facts About WWI Have Been Largely Forgotten" and it has lots of mistakes. It says "there were over 250.000 Germans living in the USA" and of course in America we typically would say 250,000 Germans. The comma has been replaced by a period in several spots. Je parle Francais so I understand how Europeans use the period vs comma, even that does not explain the erratic editing - this is not grammatically correct English or American speech. Many of the "facts" in this article and similar ones could easily be disputed. Now, there are several people who post in the forums that are worth reading.
  35. 1 point
    I live in Northern New Jersey. So I've been to the Intrepid in New York a lot. And the Air and Space Museum in DC. Whereabouts ain England are you from?
  36. 1 point
    Republic P-47 Thunderbolt... by far the best and most reliable/resilient fighter/attack plane of the entire conflict.
  37. 1 point
    Hi Chrs,also read Street Without Joy, Hell In A Very Small Place by Bernard Fall is another read worthy of your time. You can almost feel the US falling into the same trap.Of course that's 20-20 hindsight , Embers Of War by Fredrik Loegevall is also a fabulous book. Traces the fall of the French Empiere and the making of America's Vietnam.
  38. 1 point
    I just signed in. US Army retired, 32 years. Interested in Military History, but especially the from the leadership and individual standpoint. My Name is Owen and I am glad to meet this Band of Brothers
  39. 1 point
    Although it's misinformed, the Brits hold the opinion that Germans have no sense of humour. This can lead to serious misunderstandings (Hell, it leads to misunderstandings between the Brits and the Americans.) The structure of the German language - which is a "portmanteau" language - does not lend itself easily to word-based humour. English is delightfully ambiguous and nuanced, German tends to be precise.A German word tends to say exactly what it means.. An English word like (for example) "Set" can mean dozens of totally different things. The result being that the Brits spent the inter war years sending "signals" to Germany which were totally misunderstood. Back then, debates from the Oxford Union were front page news; they famously debated "This house would NOT die for King and Country", and the motion was carried. Remember, The University of Oxford has provided pretty much every English Prime Minister EVER, and the Oxford Union is the nursery for many (if not most) senior politicians. And here they were, announcing to the world an unwillingness to lay down their lives for their country, WOULD England really stand up for Poland? Hitler's advisors thought that they wouldn't, and took this as proof. Crazily, one of the people whose advice they relied upon was PG "Plum" Wodehouse, the author of the "Jeeves and Wooster" stories. The Nazi inner circle apparently took Bertie Wooster to be an accurate portrayal of the young Englishmen they'd be facing across the battlefield, not as a comedy figure. Just as Brits mistakenly think that Germans "don't tell jokes" (whereas it's a specific KIND of joke that they don't do - called "Worterspiel" - word games) When the British tell jokes, quite often the Germans don't realise that it WAS a joke. As a Russian officer once commented to me... "The Germans are a military nation... but the English are a warlike nation". When I asked him to clarify the remark, he smiled and said "The Germans are precise, and usually quite predictable They do what they're supposed to do, and they do it beautifully. The English on the other hand... totally unpredictable, one generally has NO IDEA what they'll do next; they see war as some kind of a game." The same guy also commented "Your SAS has the wrong motto, you know, 'who dares wins' isn't good. It ought to be "Where the f**K did THEY come from?!'"
  40. 1 point
    The Hawker Hurricane, as it has undertaken everything asked of it. It was a fighter, fighter bomber, tank buster, carrier fighter and a whole lot more.
  41. 1 point
    Hawker Hurricane. Something like 64% of the kills in the Battle of Britain. How is it not even on the list?
  42. 1 point
  43. 1 point
    I'm a fan of the Macchi MC.205, The Italians made some fine planes with benz engines.
  44. 1 point
    Lots of criteria for what is best. Impact on the war, impact on the future, shot down the most planes per number in service and most of the ones in the poll have a claim in one way or another. However, when playing top trumps/supertrumps as kid I had the aircraft of WW2 set and the fighter that won most of the head to heads in most categories was the Hawker Tempest Mk II. Not many service by the end of the war but massive range, great firepower, high speed and it could also be used as a fighter bomber so it was versatile. I'll go with that. The Mk V was the better known but the Mk II with the radial engine was superior in every regard....other than it's early engine problems.
  45. 1 point
    I think what you mean is it was the only United States fighter aircraft to serve thus. Also, it only served throughout WW2 when the war is reckoned from a US centric point of view, WW2 had been going on for sometime before the attack on Pearl Harbour! Ask the Poles, the Chinese or even the Bfritish when it started and you will find that the P38 was not even in service. The P-38 entered service with the Air Corps in July 1941. Also a number of British fighter aircraft fit that particular bill, the Mosquito for one,the bomber version carried the same load as a B-17 did, to Berlin from England.
  46. 1 point
  47. 1 point
    Mainly due to the fact there were many more hurricanes then spits.
  48. 1 point
  49. 1 point
    1. Dunkirk 2. A Bridge Too Far 3. Band of Brothers (not a film but even so) 4. Memphis Belle (the original) 5. Saving Private Ryan 6. Black Hawk Down
  50. 1 point
    Without doubt the T-34. Scared the heck out of the Germans and was a game changer. Way too much hype around the Tiger 1. Shermans get a bad press as they were a infantry support tank and not an MB tank.