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Wednesday, July 12, 2017


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  1. 4 points
    My Grandfather was in WW1, the Army. I had 4 uncles in WW2. 3 in the Army, 1 in the Navy, on a destroyer in the Pacific. the ones in the Army were Infantry, Transportation( Red Ball Express ), and one was a waist gunner on a B-17. All were in the European theater. 2 uncles and my father were in the Korean War. 1 uncle in the Navy and the other Uncle was in the Army like my dad. the one in the navy was on a destroyer, the other uncle was Infantry, and my dad was in the Army's navy(his joke, RIP) as an amphibian driver and gunner. and we spent time with him in Japan in 1955. I was 4 at the time. I was exposed to the military and was always interested in the vehicles involved with my dad's work. and then later it was the movies that piqued my interest in history as well. All the war movies and their heroes from all over the world, and I still like a good one. I served in Vietnam with the 11th armored cavalry, my older brother and cousins were also there with Infantry and Airmobile. and my son is in Iraq again, 7th. tour with a couple of side trips to Afghanistan as well. so in answer to the question, I seem to have been born to it, love the books and some trips made to sites while stationed in Germany. and as said before, war history does mold a nations history in between wars.
  2. 4 points
    Firstly I am x Royal Australian Navy. My father and his brother, Brother in Law and Cousins fought in WW2. One of my mother's Cousins was a POW in Chengi. I have relatives who fought in WW1. I have a great uncle who fought in the Boer War. I have Swedish heritage back to the 1500's who were Marine Soldiers. I love the history and have doing my family tree since 1984 so. It is all about history to me. Also to make sure their sacrifices are not forgotton.
  3. 4 points
    Because I was captain in Navy. I always interested in war stories, documentaries, war museums. My grand father had the highest level medal in Turkey's İstiklal war. I read the books of second world war stories. I'm interested in war zone investigator works.
  4. 3 points
    Erich von Manstein.....overall a better strategist and innovator...his failing would be the grand strategic picture.
  5. 3 points
    Always have been a history buff. Was born in 1942 and remember my Dad coming home from the war, getting our first home with the government money for all home coming soldiers and the feeling of safety and peace. So with that ingrained in my psyche i have always been fascinated with war history. More so because of the ability as we are told of one man and his gang of criminals to sway a whole country into going back into a world war after only 20 odd years of having started an earlier one. Deeds and stories, true or fiction have been spawned out of WW 2. But most of all mans inability to see right from wrong and let his or her country be taken over my megalomaniacs and be plunged into years of mayhem and death.
  6. 3 points
    I am amazed at all your answers, thank you so much for sharing your stories!
  7. 3 points
    I had experience with russian trucks ZIS 150,151, ZIL 164,157,130,131,German Opel Blitz, Austrian Steur, tank T34, BTR 60,60PB, Chech Praga V3S, German Panzer TIV., machine guns PK, MG 34,42, Assault guns AK 47.Pistols TT, Makarov, Walther.
  8. 3 points
    I Am interested in Wars history because it is a major part of history in general. People, civilizations and countries were greatly changed through wars.
  9. 3 points
    I was graduated in officers military school as tank-automotive officer. First trucks which I drove was Opel Bitz and Steur 640. As a commander of platoon I had russian machines and 5 german PAK 38 and PAK 40. I had chance to try rusian and german weapons.The other reason is that my grand father take a part in WWI and my father in WWII. By this reasons I like war history.
  10. 3 points
    I grew up in Morrisville, Pa. Home of Robert Morris, one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. It was also located 15minutes from Washington's Crossing and each year, I would go watch the re-enactors cross the ice-choked river and walk the nine, snow-laden miles and fight and defeat the Hessians at Trenton. The Tipping point of the American Revolution. I moved on to visit Gettysburg and then further West to Custer's Battlefield. Now I live in San Francisco, with it rich history of enslaving the Chinese to work the railroads, and minutes away from a Japanese-American Internment camp memorial at Tanforan. I love history and America, is not one without innocent blood on its hands either. Jim Sullivan-Military Historian In-Training
  11. 3 points
    Mostly because WWII history is all around me, I have but to walk 100 meters from my house and I'm on a road the 1st Battalion, 501st PIR / 101st AB marched up and down on during Operation Market Garden. They were dug in basically where I live now, that really fueled my interest!
  12. 3 points
    Worth remembering that the Brits neither invaded nor conquered India (and that back then, "India" didn't actually exist. Instead - much like Italy and Germany, the geographical space was occupied by a bunch of small princedoms. Some of them traded with British merchants, first for goods, then for services, The Honourable East India Company was the "Haliburton" of its day, providing off-the shelf civil service facilities, tax collection... you name it, they could provide it. Both sides made fortunes from the trading. Basically because the British merchants were far less corrupt, AND rather more efficient. Efficiency is a double edged sword. Leaving valuable assets unexploited is... inefficient. The HEIC sold off surplus stocks of foo, increasing profits thereby... but destroying the Punjab's ability to survive bad weather, and famine. Short term profits can just be TOO tempting.The British government took over from "John Company", which was already a military power in its own right - as providers of Jannisary style mercenary armies to the local princes. The creation of ad hoc "mutual defence" alliances by the bought-in diplomats increased the combined potency of those troops. Not all princedoms approved of the foreigners - the French particularly were very happy to support any who disapproved of British influence. One of Wellington's greatest battles (Assaye) effectively destroyed French influence in India. The Indian "Mutiny" arose because of claims that the paper cartridges with which the Indian soldiers were issued had been sealed with either Pork fat, or Beef fat, rather than the mutton fat with which they were really treated. During that conflict both sides behaved dreadfully. But it might be fair to claim that by the end of the war the British had REconquered India - which was now a country.
  13. 2 points
    The Americans made an 8 part world war 2 documentary whilst the war was still going on. (propaganda documentaries) In one of them, it describes how Russia had a population of, I think it was 160 to 180 million at the time Hitlers invasion started. (havent watched it for ages) Im wondering if these population figures were known to Hitler before he invaded Russia ?? It was said that Germanys population, at the time, was around 80 million, about half or less than half of the Russians. If Hitler was aware of this, then I wonder how he could have so badly underestimated the size & scale of their numbers ?? Twice he thought they'd run out of man power, at Moscow, then at Stalingrad. At Moscow, he had accounted for about 3 million of them, plus many millions of civilians along the way. But if he knew he was up against 160 million or so, then surely (you would think) he should have known there was still multitudes more to come, even with 3 million out of the way. Im guessing he mustn"t have known the true population of Russia, at the time ???? Does anyone know ????
  14. 2 points
    I would like to get some feedback on who readers consider the most capable field commander in World War II. My own personal vote is for Field Marshal Erich von Manstein.
  15. 2 points
    Since I was a kid, I started reading and making drawings about WWII because there were 3 magazines (or comics) about the war areas (U2, SOS and Trinchera, or Trench). I became very fond of them, and collected every one of them through the years. I noticed the gallantry, sacrifice and efforts of the fighting men and the machines they used. I became most interested of WWII planes, being my favorites The Spitfire, the Mosquito, the Tempest, the Lancaster and B-17 bombers from the Allied side, and the ME-109, FW 190, JU 88 and Me-262 from the German side. Also some other fighter bomber planes in particular stories. But later I became also a fan of war films and began to understand the tragedy behind the war. I think that no war was so special than this: there were the biggest battles known everywhere (exceptin Jutland), as the Battle of Britain, Stalingrad, Kursk, D-Day, the biggest deploy of submarines, the biggest and more powerful war ships known, the larger bomber attacks, the technical advances and, of course, the atomic bombs. Never so many million dead people and so much destruction were achieved. From then on nothing was the same when talking about wars.
  16. 2 points
    Leo. Yes Gort was going to Command in North Africa but died. To say that Montgomery was the last in a long list of candidates and that he was not popular with Churchill is, I believe, incorrect. Churchill was impressed with Montgomery’s innovative approach to defence post Dunkirk and held him in high regard in accounts that i have read. Monty’s almost miraculous ability to raise the morale of the 8th Army by personally speaking to nearly all of his new command, usually from the ‘stage’ of a tank and ordering them to use precious water to shave and to smarten up generally was very effective.
  17. 2 points
    Not sure that Montgomery was the greatest but as with all WW2 commanders, to rank them you have to put them into their context. As a junior officer, Montgomery had been on the Somme on the first day and the casualties always haunted him. After Dunkirk he was in charge of a length of the south coast and on an inspection he impressed Churchill with his innovative approach using what little he had to hand and his fighting spirit. The North African to and fro caused Churchill to worry that the German soldier had better fighting qualities than the British soldier. Churchill remembered how impressed he had been with Montgomery during the ‘darkest days’ and held talks with him where once again he was impressed by his views. Monty said that any commander would need superior numbers and resources if he was to win with the minimum casualties. He was appointed and as with Churchill’s ‘common touch ‘ speeches he employed the same tactics to build the morale and fighting spirit of the 8th Army. The submarines from Malta were ordered to deplete Rommel’s resources as much as possible while Monty was reinforced by ship around the Cape of Good Hope. Monty also deployed his forces with great skill, and out witted Rommel. In Europe his actions during the Falais Pocket fighting were exemplary. Montgomery was never at ease with the American Commanders (he repeatedly infuriated Eisenhower and of course Patton) but did Command the most US Forces under non US Command ever in history during the fight back at the battle of the bulge. He was let down by his junior staff who refused to believe Dutch intelligence of a German tank force on R and R near Arnhem and Market Garden subsequently failed but had it succeeded it would have been one of the greatest gambles of WW2. He knew that Horrocks would face great difficulties in moving his armour north along a single road but he had to accept the terrain that he was to fight on. He disobeyed Eisenhower’s order to stop advancing in Northern Germany and thereby prevented the Soviets moving ever westwards and probably ‘liberating’ Denmark, which would have complicated the ‘ cold war’ beyond measure. I had the honour of meeting both Monty and a member of his senior staff which probably makes me biased but I would describe him as a successful reliable commander with great rapport with the men in his command but also never at ease with the Americans, especially Patton. For me, taking into account all of the history, politics, pressure and forces/ resources that he had to contend with, I would suggest that Zhukov was the best commander of WW2.
  18. 2 points
    iI am interested in War history because i was part of it.. iam nearly 91 years of age, i wenrt tru tghe London Blitz, was in the Home Guard when i was 16, i volunteered for the Army on my 17th birthday, called up at 17 and a i/2. and served 4 years in Germeny , Italy and Jugolavia, demobben in jan 1948, then recalled again in 1951 for retraining for Korea. i wasa D/o in the Royal Artillery.
  19. 2 points
    Yes I completely agree Joris, Hitler fought WW2 to create his own "India" in Russia. This was an integral part of Nazism.
  20. 2 points
    Failure to take Britain out of the war had incredible strategic implications for the Germans. A country with an empire, a massive navy and plenty of space to build bomber bases remained in the position to threaten their gains in the west. With England (Britain) out of the war you can assume that the USA would not get involved, and if they would where would their staging area be? New York Harbor is a long way from Europe and Bombers couldn't fly that far. Not having a bomber threat meant that Germans could use the men (and woman) working the FLAK guns for something else. It also meant that the Germans now had to start building the Atlantic Wall to defend their vulnerable coastline. The time, money and materials invested in it could then have been used elsewhere. Invading Russia without taking out Britain was the turning point for me.
  21. 2 points
    I was last year in fort hackenberg of the maginotline it also stil works well worth a visit. A Electric train drives you around the diverend compartments were you can see how the fort works unbelievable that it still works. This is the adress of it 61bis Grande Rue, 57920 Veckring, France
  22. 2 points
    My interest in World War II is based on: (1) the uncertainty about the outcome up till the events of June and December 1941 - Operation Barbarossa and Pearl Harbour; (2) how well the Allies were able to work together between 1942-44; (3) how Anglo-American cooperation turned into non-cooperation at the Bretton Woods conference during 1944 - Roosevelt sought to destroy the £ sterling as the world-dominant currency and undermine British control of her Empire; it marked the beginning of the end for Britain as a major power; and finally, another chain of events that tends to be down-played I the West: (4) the contribution of the Soviet Union to the final victory over the Axis powers. I was born in a country that was occupied by Germany from April 1940 till the end of the war, and I know how ardently my parents and my people followed the course of the war and how much we depended on the outcome. As an occupied Gebiete of Germany we learned how precious political freedom really was.
  23. 2 points
    Emigrated from England to New Zealand in 1979. Lived in Wellington for 25 years, then in Auckland (Devonport) for 12 years. Moved down to Waihi Beach (retired) in September 2016. Now spend my time reading, relearning photography, taking our dog for long walks on the beach, immersing myself in the local history (gold mining site). Gold was discovered in the early 1800's and mined underground in the first half of the 1900's. Then from the late 1970's focus was on the open cast mine (Martha Mine).
  24. 2 points
    Hitler was lost before he started. He did start the war too early , and he should never have gone to war, he could have ruled the world economically if he was smart, he lifted Germany out of a terrible slump, after WW1 treaty, but he was a man with several biases and probably several mental issues and racist hatreds. And a junkie to boot! How the hell he ever got to be the leader always amazes me, but like the rest of us on here now, we were not part of that time and can only guess about the strange things that happened inside that Nation and outside after. Like stopping dead at Dunkirk. We all have our theories, like a pact with Russia then committing to Barbarossa !? He did have excellent warrior Generals, he had his nation "almost " ready for war, his declaration of war on the USA really meant nothing , the Americans would always get involved in the long run . What was happening in Europe would affect all the world , the Americans may have come late, but they would have come eventually . And Yamamoto, did know America, but really through all the horror of Pearl Harbour looking like he'd decimated the US sea power , he did not plan it magnificently although it may have looked that way, but the Americans rebuilt and still had capital ships out at sea, and Pearl Harbour cost Hitler, Tojo and Mussolini the Romanians and all who decided to take part on the Nazi leaders side, LOST THEM THE WAR! They made just too many enemies. And in that in tight finishes luck always seems to fall the way of the main stream numbers. I wonder if Hitler thought Rommel would not have success in North Africa. Only an idiot with psychological problems would tell his mangled forces in the USSR to fight to the death, when his General wanted to quit. A smart man would have stopped there and then and sued for peace on all sides, German military leaders must have known it was over, and even if the Battle of the Bulge had been a German victory to what ever extent , Russia was coming anyway, and I doubt if the Americans would have cut and run, with Japan rampaging, the world would be a different place for America today if they had. And the rest of us too. Hitler was never going to win ever, just at that the time, nobody could know. Imagine if he put his madness into a forward thinking economic business sense, Germans may have been the economic giant that America had become over the last 70 odd years, and with the help of Western Europe the whole world could have been a better place. But that never happened, like all sensible things, the human being messes up so much. It never stopped that fact keeping on happening. We still mess up , look at the world.
  25. 2 points
    I really think of translating some articles and views about WWII from English into Arabic to be available for who can't get it in English.
  26. 2 points
    There is no greatest. Keep in mind the different political and economic situation in countries such as France, England, the U.S.A.,Germany and the U.S.S.R. made it an entirely different task for any General. Also keep in mind that every U.S. General had his own public relations organization whose job was to make him look good to the people in the United States. This was also the task of Hollywood.
  27. 2 points
    In my humble opinion it is easy to be called great and victorious when you have superiority in surprise, numbers, equipment and training in your favour. All generals exaggerate their role and minimise the role of above-said factors in their memoirs. The one general who fought with odds against him and still won a spectacular victory would be General William Slim of Burma. You just have to read his book "defeat to victory" to realise the challenging task and the scope of disaster that faced him. Also he didn't embellish his records at all, praising his subordinates highly instead.
  28. 2 points
    For me, the best General is Erich von Manstein. The mind behind Ardennes offensive which caught france off guard. Effective in flanking manuevers, logistics and proven best withdrawal tactics that helped slow down Soviet advance to West.
  29. 2 points
    Although my dad was an MP in the Army, having joined on Dec 12, 1940, and would have been discharged on the same date of 1941,he was in for the duration. He joined at Fort McPhearson, Atlanta, and had basic in Alabama. Was sent to San Diego. His first overseas duty was when his Company, the 207th MP Coompany was one of the first to help garrison Guadalcanal, in February of ,43. Afterwards, they were in Fiji until sent to the Philippine islands after MacArthur returned. Finally, after the Japanese surrender his company was some of first to enter Kyoto. After their return, his release date was 30 November, 1945. But, I'm not just interested in WWII. I'm interested in all wars, everywhere. I study history by studying all wars and reading the Bible. The Bible has much insight into the reasons for wars, and the study of ancient history and the wars therein is fascinating in the extreme.
  30. 2 points
    I was born in 1953 in Malta. My father was in the RAF and although he was too young for war service he did assist in the Berlin Airlift. When we left Malta I spent the rest of my youth in Kent near the Thames river. All the bunkers, gun emplacements and such were all still there and as kids we played 'war' in and on most of them. I guess my interest stems from that :-)
  31. 2 points
    I have an idea why: but it is metaphysical. To show my life, it is the polar opposite of any active interest in war. The study of it is perverse. It just is what it is. As I have aged, my interest has waned considerably: it no longer occupies a very high level of priority as a "hobby". Mostly I think about how to contribute something to the world to help avoid future wars. Fom earliest boyhood, I had an avid fascination with weapons and battle. Movies were always war movies if I had my choice. Artwork was always war. I defaced my "Weekly Reader" by erasing parts of the pictures and penciling in explosions and flying bullets, airplanes and tanks, etc. It was an incorrigible interest which led to adult miniature wargaming. Upon reaching adulthood, I drew back from modern wars as too close to the reality that had so recently occurred. Something aesthetic about pre-gunpowder battles spoke more to me than anything that followed. And the circling attention span finally focused intently upon the Norman Conquest: then went forward and backward from there. It is still my main area of interest, the one that I read about and wargame in. Medieval warfare is the pinnacle of perfected, interpersonal violence. And, being inconceivably insane, naturally it is impossible to ignore as a natural catastrophe bearing down on you. Modern warfare holds no fascination. It is so huge, impersonal and wholly destructive, I might as well study what a supernova would do to Earth. It holds about equal interest for me.
  32. 2 points
    I am interested in this because of the many family members who were involved in both world wars plus Korea and Viet Nam, so has a big impact on our history. It makes history so much more interesting, you get a sense of the attitude of the men and women who served our great country and shouldn't ever be forgotten. All the knowledge gained leads to a profound pride in not only family, but to this country.
  33. 2 points
    God question. For me it started with that when I was in public school in Sweden we never learn anything speciall of WWII. We never had time in school. Then when I started in high school my school was next to the head library and they had a lot of books on WWII. That was 1983 and when me and my wife moved to Norway 1996 I had read almost all books the library had on WWII including those in Norwegian and English. Thats how my war interest started.
  34. 2 points
    Where I live, right now, is about 100m from the monument to the sailors from the Isle of Man Steam Packet who died saving troops at DunkirkThree ships were lost, but the "fleet" managed to take of 1/14th of those rescued... But about 500 m away is Gansey, a place named by Vikings (who established the Manx parliament, which is the world's oldest democratic forum. Histiry is all aroubd us! I moved here from Weston-Super-Mare, from where my study window gave vepiews out over the town (repeatedly bombed in WW2) Iron aged settlements, the site of the battle of Sedgemoor, and the Island where King Harald's queen took refuge after the Norman invasion. Oh, and the spot where Marconi first demonstrated the use of radio waves to communicate across water. The house stood on a hill from which in the time of Queen Elizabeth 1, Calamine was extracted (then the only known source of calamine in the UK. Calamine was needed to make bells... and cannon.) Surely most places are like the UK? Toss a stone in ANY direction, and where it lands, something interesting once happened?
  35. 2 points
    Slightly more complicated than that.... The manufacturer declined to provide either some crucial spares or the information required to get them made elsewhere, claiming that the information was "commercially sensitive". FFS, this aircraft not merely is "old enough to be put in a museum", it already LIVES in a bloody museum! After the debacle of getting one of the last Vulcans in squadron service across the Atlantic to bomb Port Stanley, surely lessons had been learned? The V Bombers were so far ahead of their time that when the rest caught up, they'd done so by a different route. Refuelling the Vulcan on the way to Port Stanley was a nightmare, due to incompatible... pretty much everything. Reminds me of an old friend (now, sadly, departed) who made a good living as a highly skilled draughtsman, specialising in detailing VERY large concrete structures.(Like offshore oil terminals) He saw the rise of computers, and the age of the "Killer App" and ignored them. In his view, Computers were "womens' work" - they had a keyboard, like a typewriter. HIS skill on the other hand was masculine, expressed on a draughting table, using abilities born of long experience. AutoCAD came as something of a shock. Kiddies right out of technical college were suddenly able to do the things that my friend was highly skilled at, without his level of experience (making them a LOT cheaper to hire) He was an analog craftsman in a digital age. I'm astounded that not only the Vulcan, but also Concorde, were both designed effectively without the use of computers. And then FLOWN without the use of computers either. OK, the Lancaster and the B17 were also "designed and flown without the use of computers" - but they flew using MUCH older technology, and at a MUCH slower speed, As that same friend remarked to me: "When Henry Ford first sold the "Model T" there was almost no part of it that you local village blacksmith couldn't (1) understand or (2) replicate or repair at his forge.A modern vehicle, on the other hand, has essential components which monitor performance hundreds of times per second, and which he'd neither understand nor be able to repair nor replicate without the assistance of a multi-billion dollar factory. Things - the world - changed. And what makes the Vulcan stand out for me is that it ought to be a product of one side of that change, but in fact comes from the other side. When this plane was first built... it ought not to have been possible. Yet it was.
  36. 2 points
    When controlling an occupied country, Hitler always admired how the British managed India. That vast country with 318 million people was ruled by a very small group of British. Hitler thought he could do the same with Russia.
  37. 2 points
    Paternal grandfather served in 59th pioneer infantry, 1917,1918. 3 engagement bars on his WWI victory medal, wounded by gas in 1918, spent most of the rest of his life in VA hospitals, with what would be considered PTSD, died in late 58. My fathers brother drafted into USA and served in Europe, Sicily through V-E day. My father served in USN aboard USS Washington (BB-56) from North Atlantic (Murmansk) duty through operation magic carpet after VJ Day. 13 battle stars including sinking of IJN Kirashima at 3rd Savo Island. Died in 94. My little brother served USN- 83–87, M61 cannon tech- various VF/VA squadrons. Me- USN- 74-85, electronics, radio, radar, crypto, data link maintenance on DDG, CV, and various shore stations including Persian Gulf convoy duty in 79-80. We are a military family I suppose.
  38. 2 points
    My picks: Rommel- Axis Patton- Allies.
  39. 1 point
    ***** Outcome of "Gloster Hill(Hill 234)" at Imjin River Battle"******Before Battle(April.20,1951) among 700~800 1st Batt,Gloster Reg. troops adhere to bunkers of Hill-234, repeated, human wave attack under machine gun fire and grenade attack of Chinese , Gloster Reg. had final hand-to-hand battle. After Battle(April,25,1951)-- KIA 68, Dead en-route to N.Korea/ Chinese POW camp 40~60, Get out from Gloster Hill only 41 !
  40. 1 point
    Why is everyone frightened to say "Merry Christmas" and instead impose "happy holidays" upon us?
  41. 1 point
    In the Ypres salient, the British army had to operate in a landscape that was completely shot to pieces. This was especially true in the area around Passchendaele. No trees were left standing, and of the buildings, little more than the foundations remained so there were no places left for cover. That left only one way to go, down, and thus the British dug hundreds of dugouts in the salient. In these dugouts, the British soldiers were safe from bullets and artillery and used for a variety of tasks. From underground command posts, shelters for the men or as medical facilities which could hold from 50 to 2000 men. Between November 1917 and April 1918, Australian and Canadian sappers dug a deep dugout under the ruins of the Zonnebeke church. They were expecting to find a 12th-century crypt of an Augustinian abbey that once stood on this site. This Crypt could serve as a ready-made part of the shelter, but it turned out not to exist. They decided to build a dugout there anyway; the church foundations provided extra strength and thus security. The structure they build is about 5 meters underground, has a main gallery of nearly 29 meters long, five rooms, side corridors and two access stairs. When the Germans launched their spring offensive in March 1918, the British were forced to shorten their lines and, between April 11th and April 27th, they abandoned Passchendaele ridge. Virtually all the terrain captured in the third Ypres battles was given up without a fight. The construction of the dugout, now outside allied lines, was abandoned and it slowly filled with water and was forgotten. After the war, the rebuilding of Zonnebeke began, and they build a new church to the north of the ruins of the old one. Inside the Dugout – The Battlefield Explorer In 1989, in an effort to locate the abbey crypt, just like in World War I, the dugout was rediscovered and was marked with blue lines in the pavement above. For the 100th anniversary of the Third battle for Ypres, also known as the battle for Passchendaele, the decision was made to reopen the dugout for the public for the first and only time. The original exit was replaced by a new one so that visitors could walk through the entire main gallery and they slowly drained the water. From 31 July till 10 November 2017, it reopened, giving the public for the first time ever access to an original British First World War dugout. During the time that the dugout was open, they sprayed over 100-liters of water on the wood every night to keep it wet in an effort to try and prevent it from rotting. Even so, when I visited it, the tour guide said that they were pushing the limits with opening it for the three and half months as they saw the wood deteriorate every day. The Battlefield Explorer is going in! Entrance to the dugout – The Battlefield Explorer So there I was, on a dreary Saturday in November waiting in line to enter the dugout. To better appreciate it I waited until I was the very last person to enter; these experiences are all the more impressive when you are not in the middle of a 40 person group. The guide told us not to touch the wood on the walls because it excreted an ink-like substance that would be very difficult to wash off. Naturally, I had to experience that for myself, and the man was right, it did stay on my fingers for a long time. This did not bother me in the least, and I was happy to pay this penance to be able to touch something so significant. The dugout is just 29 meters long, so it doesn’t take hours to see everything. On top of that, every 20 minutes a new group enters the dugout, so you need to move through it rather quickly. Dragging my feet and taking as many pictures and footage as possible I reluctantly left the dugout and, as through a 100-year time warp, suddenly was in the 21st century again. A once in a lifetime experience, that I wouldn’t want to have missed for the world. A couple of days after my visit, on November 9th, 2017, they sealed the entrances and flooded the dugout. At this time, there are no plans ever to reopen it. The Battlefield Explorer Join me on my trips, visit the known and unknown battlefields, uncover hidden artifacts that are still out there, experience amazing war history events, and pay tribute at commemorations. This will be the adventure of a lifetime, and you will be on the front row to experience it with me. Don’t miss any of my videos by subscribing today! Video View the full article
  42. 1 point
  43. 1 point
    When a country wages war with another,the 'population' as a whole of the latter is not really of concern.The comparative military might at the time,the weaponry & battle readiness,along with the terrain configuration/obstacles facing the aggressor,are equally important.The Russian 'misadventure' seems more a case of over confidence on the part of (so-he-thought) invincibility of his Army!Perhaps,his Generals were too scared to keep him properly up-dated of the growing successes of the advancing Allies on the Western & Southern fronts.Ofcourse,the severity of the Russian Winter,the tenacity of the Russians & the extended & failing logistics & morale of the Germans,finally,quashed Hitler's dreams!
  44. 1 point
    As many many other well respected experts have pointed out - a military necessity. The Japanese had shown that they would fight to the last civilian (as they did at Okinawa) and they would take many Allied folks with them. An invasion of Japan would have caused uncounted numbers of Japanese civilian deaths, perhaps enough to threaten the existence of Japanese culture. And it would have killed many hundreds of thousands of Allied troops and sailors. Many Japanese cities had already been burned to the ground and they refused to surrender. With the threat of "one city - one bomber" and the known fleet of bombers we had, a bomb like the atomic bomb was the fact that caused Hirohito to over rule the military and order a surrender.
  45. 1 point
    KRIEGSMARIE UBOOT'S SAILOR..80% casualties, most missing in action with all that this mean to parents, miserable life, living ( if was life) in a sardin tin, hours waiting the last deep charge ( mostly the FINAL one) with almost anyone chance to sink anithing before dead..
  46. 1 point
    USS Constellation in Baltimore.
  47. 1 point
  48. 1 point
    A few years ago I visited Vietnam and stopped in at the "Hanoi Hilton."
  49. 1 point
    Thanks for sharing, that really looks like a chilling place to visit. I find it remarkable that the Vietnamese have turned it into a museum, it wasn't their shining moment in history but they do not seem to be afraid to share that with the world.
  50. 1 point
    Could it be that Hitler tried to take on the Great Bear at the same time he was fighting a war in the West. His general staff consisted of around 9 people while the Pentagon had hundreds to do the planning. They were over whelmed.