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Wednesday, July 12, 2017


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  1. 4 points
    Hello there, My name is Bob, but my friends call me, Bob. I am an old soldier. I entered the Army in 1959 and retired in 1982. I served in just about every branch of the Army there is, except the MPs. I went through basic at Fort Ord, CA and was stationed in Germany twice, and both times at the old Kaserne in Babenhausen. I was Vietnam twice. The was there in '65-'66 when I went over with the 14th Trans Bn, but transferred to the 1st Cav Div. I was there again in '68-'69 with the 241st Trans Co. I was in Korea in '78-'79 with the 1st Bn, 9th, 2nd Inf Div. I have served with Infantry, Airborne, Ranger, Transportation, Quartermaster, and Aviation units. I retired out of Fort Benning, GA in March 1982. I may be retired, but I am a soldier at heart.
  2. 3 points
    While on vacation I was able to make a short visit to the location where the Nazi Party held the infamous Party Rallies, the Zeppelinfeld. The site has changed since the 1930s but no so much as you would expect. After WWII ended the massive swastika on top of the main stage was destroyed in a big explosion and later all the collonades to the left and right of the main building were removed leaving it all looking a bit weird. The US Army used the area for years as a sports-ground but in the 1990s it was returned to the state of Bavaria. Unlike other locations that were built by the Nazi's, this one wasn't torn down but is now under renovation. The only other change that was made was to add a couple of steps to Hitler's balcony, this way you can never stand on his exact location anymore. Anyway, here are the pictures: The door from which Hitler entered the stadium: The steps Hitler walked down and where he stood to watch the spectacle. Note the extra steps that were added after the war. The sheer size of the grand stand is incredible: You can clearly see where the collonade used to be: This is where the "common people" entered the stadium: The other side of the stadium: One last picture for scale: Boom!
  3. 3 points
    A couple of years ago, well before we knew there would be a movie made about it, I visited the Dunkirk beaches. There still are two ship wrecks from the evacuation still visible at low tide and we really wanted to see them. They are still visible at low tide but you have to go to Bray-Dunes to see them, which is to the north-east of Dunkirk. HMS Devonia: A pre-war paddle steamer was converted to a minesweeper in 1939. On May 30th, 1940 she was bombed and damaged in such a way that it was unlikely she would make it back to Britain and she was beached. HMS "Crested Eagle: A former paddle steamer was bombed by the Germans while carrying 600 soldiers on May 29th. Set on fire and with around 300 men killed she drifted back to the beach where she still is.
  4. 3 points
    Fantastic, never knew this! Now I want to see them myself too... I found this picture of the Devonia, in slightly better state.
  5. 3 points
    So you know what you are looking at, I've put in some information on the picture. The red dotted line denotes the perimeter held by the Airborne troopers on September 17th, it quickly shrank under the constant German attacks until only the area near the John Frost HQ was left.
  6. 3 points
    I am currently teaching a detailed class on World War 2, where we started several years ago with the events in the 1930s leading up to the German Attack on Poland. I have been studying military history since 1962, and have a degree in history. I have worked at a consultant to various US government agencies, and also worked with Dr. Robert Ballard on locating John F. Kennedy's PT_109 in the Solomon Islands. I must admit that landing on Henderson Field on Guadalcanal was one of the most incredible experiences in my life, along with flying over Iron Bottom Sound and the Slot, and then sailing Vella Gulf and Blackett Strait, and walking on the runway at Munda. My military histories studies go from the Sumerians to the present day. I will admit to being a bit weak on the Eastern Front in World War 2, aside from the various US monographs written by the German for us on Eastern Front warfare, along with Ancient Indian and Chinese warfare. My studies do include naval warfare from the Greek and Roman oared galleys to the present, as well as aerial operations from World War One on forward. Among other bits of data, I have come across a copy of Claire Chennault's paper, The Role of Defensive Pursuit, which I do need to clean up and publish. I suspect that the Air Force Museum and the EAA Museum would be quite interested in selling copies. I view Chennault as possibly are finest aerial tactician ever. He did have his flaws, which I will admit as well.
  7. 2 points
    Hi folks! I am from the south of England near Portsmouth. I thought I would join the forum firstly because I like talking about history and secondly because I believe I can contribute something meaningful to the site by writing my own articlesand contributing generally. Apart from reading and loving history since childhood I am also a graduate covering subjects such as: - Imperial Japan - France during the reign of Louis XIV - Germany during the Weimar period and the rise and fall of Nazism. - Tsarist Russia and the Revolution - Victorian Britain - American Independence and Rise - Genocide and attrosities - The Crusades - Early Modern Britain - Medieval and Tudor England Really looking forward to learning off other folks too!
  8. 2 points
    Chosin Retreat is our" Dunkirk" from Korean War, Less men than Orig WW2 Dunkirk. No Movie about or epic style for Korean War era. IE Bridges of Toko Ri raid used Skyraiders not F9Fs for raid. Must honor Korean War vets.
  9. 2 points
    Some Aerial Photos of Military Historical Museum of Artillery, Saint Petersburg, Russia photos by Andrey Tiuriakov
  10. 2 points
    Hi, I'm from Northern Indiana and have been reading about WWII mostly since I was a child... OFC I was born in 1960 and although to me at the time that War seemed far away, since then I have come to realize it wasn't that long in the past by the time of my birth... I do mostly follow WWII stuff I do pay attention to other conflicts and read some of the articles about them... I'm not a source of historical facts by any means... I follow this in order to learn from those who have studied these things... One thing that has dawned on me though, there seems to be very little in the way of Middle Eastern Wars outside of the Crusades here for some reason... I always found the "6 Day" War to be very interesting myself...
  11. 2 points
    Truly touching moments of humanity, ethics and morals are rather rare in warfare. The Christmas Truce of WWI was an excellent example of such humanity, as were the heroic actions of German Luftwaffe fighter pilot Franz Stigler on December 20th, 1943. His actions got nine men home for Christmas. Charlie Brown of the USAAF was a Lt. flying his first mission as an aircraft commander flying a B-17, “Ye Olde Pub” on a bombing run over Bremen. Brown’s bomber occupied the especially dangerous left of the formation, sometimes called the Purple Heart Corner. Bremen was defended by a large contingent of fighters and well-manned flak guns. Two B-17s were quickly struck by heavy flak, and many went down. Brown’s bomber was hit at least once in the left wing. The crew had to shut down an engine which took them out of the formation. Soon they were met by about eight enemy fighters. The B-17 was sometimes referred to as the flying porcupine and Ye Olde Pub sure lived up to The name. the gunners took out at least one of the fighters and as many as three, all on their own. The remaining fighters were still able to take the fight to the bomber, however, and bullets tore through Ye Olde Pub. The many danger zones of a B-17. By Bundesarchiv – CC BY-SA 3.0 de The tail gunner, Sergeant Hugh “Ecky” Eckenrode, was killed as large sections of the tail were shot apart. Nine more crewmen were injured, some very badly wounded. The electrical, hydraulic and oxygen systems were damaged. Brown was wounded in the shoulder, and the seriously wounded had little reprieve as the morphine syringes were frozen. Oxygen deprivation and wounds caused Brown to black out momentarily as the bomber spiraled towards the earth. Brown woke up and said that his first memory was of dodging trees. The wounds and lack of oxygen made his memory hazy, but from the severe damage and drop in altitude, it is assumed that the German fighters figured that their target was destined to crash. Brown’s B-17 was even more damaged than this one; the B-17 pictured was able to land with all their crew alive. Brown was able to get some altitude just as German pilot Franz Stigler was refueling. Stigler saw the bomber and quickly flew up to get above and behind it. Stigler was a veteran pilot who would eventually serve over 400 combat missions in nearly every front of the war. Flying the Me 109, Stigler was one bomber kill away from earning the high honor of the Knight’s Cross. Stigler observed the bomber, waiting for the tail gunner to raise his guns. Seeing the limp rear guns, he moved closer and saw the massive amount of damage. Bullet holes were present all over the aircraft. Stigler knew that most of the men had to be badly wounded. Taking a risk, considering the guns could fire at any time, Stigler flew up to be next to the cockpit. Stigler and Brown looked at each other, Brown saying he closed his eyes and hoped for his nightmare to be over. Stigler hoped to persuade Brown to land, and failing that, fly to Sweden. Brown was having none of that, his wounded body and oxygen starved brain only focusing on getting back to England. Stigler’s type of fighter at the time, a Me 109. By Kogo – CC BY-SA 2.0 Stigler had no way to give Brown verbal commands, only gesturing towards Brown. Seeing that the bomber was heading towards England, Stigler had every opportunity to shoot them down. Instead, he escorted the bomber over the open waters. Stigler had no way of knowing if enemy escort fighters were on the way but still escorted Brown over the channel. He wisely turned back before he came too close to England, though not before giving Brown a salute. Stigler would never speak of his actions during the war. Had he done so he fully believed that a court-martial would follow. B-17s were hated by the Germans, they dropped massive amounts of bombs and often took out several enemy fighters with their array of guns. Stigler’s humanity could be appreciated but likely not during the war. About 30-40 years later Brown was living in the United States after a long career and Stigler had moved to Canada after years of service with Germany during and after the war. Brown had a very hazy memory of the incident and was encouraged to find the German who saluted him to fill in the rest of the memory and make sure it wasn’t a dream or hallucination. After writing to German pilot newsletters, he finally received word back from the pilot who spared his life. After a lengthy phone call where Stigler filled in the blanks of the story and proved he was the right one, the two met in person. They hit it off splendidly and have been friends ever since. Video This film was taken when Bf-109 ace Franz Stigler met B-17 pilot Charlie Brown for the first time since their encounter during WWII! The complete story of Franz and Charlie can be read in the international bestselling book, “A Higher Call,” available in bookstores worldwide. View the full article
  12. 2 points
    Love this tale of two gentlemen with honour during war.
  13. 2 points
    Love your feeds your news and just about everything you guys do, however could you please put any measurements in Metric and Imperial. I'm sure you have as many followers around the world as you do in the USA. KEEP UP THE GOOD WORK 😁😁😁
  14. 2 points
    Welcome aboard, Bob!
  15. 2 points
    The following appeared as part of an article in War History Online. It concerns the US Navy Mark 14 Torpedo during World War 2. Is it more than a bit inaccurate. First, every nation that used torpedoes in World War 2 understood ant a large number would miss their intended target. It is inherent with the use of a torpedo against a moving target. No navy could show a high percentage of hits from submarine torpedoes, or surface torpedoes, or aerial torpedoes. A submarine would fire a spread of torpedoes at a target, assuming that one or more of the spread would hit. Sometimes that was the case, and sometime not. Even the vaunted Japanese Long Lance torpedo had a less than stellar hit rate, problems with gyroscopic control, and a problem with duds. With respect to the idea that the magnetic exploder might cause a circular run, especially in 1944, is impossible. In June of 1943, the magnetic exploder was ordered inactivated for all submarine in the Central Pacific, and in the spring of 1944, for all submarines in the South West Pacific. The Tullibee suffered its circular run in March of 1944, in the Central Pacific, where the magnetic exploder had been deactivated for nine months. A circular run is caused by a malfunction gyroscope within the torpedo, and is still a potential problem. The magnetic exploder, even when operational, would have had no effect on the gyroscope. As for its development being underfunded and its testing period too short, the following comes from the U.S. Navy Bureau of Ordnance history for World War 2. While assisting the English author, John Winton, in his research for his book, Ultra in the Pacific, we came across message intercepts from the Japanese indicating that they had recovered torpedoes with magnetic exploder warheads from beaches in the Philippine Islands and also Wake Island. Clearly the exploder was compromised quite early in the war, and over-guassing of ships, similar to what was done to explode magnetic mines at a safe distance, was distinctly possible. For a full discussion of the problems with the Mark 14, I would recommend you read the following chapter of the Bureau of Ordnance history, which available from Hyperwar. There are a few typos, but nothing serious. I have the history in hard copy in my library. https://www.ibiblio.org/hyperwar/USN/Admin-Hist/BuOrd/BuOrd-6.html
  16. 2 points
    Hi Stephen, Your Tour ideas have great merit indeed! One slight complication: We Lost! The Viets have incredible museums and I'd be happy to recommend places & tours as I've spent considerable time in SVN these last 6 years. Viets seem noticeably shy when it comes to helicopters. I live near a major oil facility HQ, and huge Russian choppers fly over regularly, transfering crews i imagine? Saigon has a giant skyscraper with a massive helipad tacked onto 50th floor. I'm not certain it's ever been used? You just don't see choppers like we do back home. Interestingly, US citizens can get 12 month visas easily, Europeans given 15 day visa waivers...Australia hasn't been forgiven yet??? That said, most Viets don't know Aussies & Kiwis were even there!! Come visit..you'll love it. Hanoi's museums are better IMHO, but you'll need a month to just to just scratch the surface. Cheers Al Uc dai loi (Thick skinned Australian) Cheap Charlies PS. Hide the Stars & Stripes...you'll just pay 5x what i do!:)) I show my Aussie colours discretely, so they know they'll get less out of me!:)))
  17. 2 points
    The thing about the V.C is its very difficult to award the circumstances in which it can be awarded are so strict that I care awarded one you will be lucky to be alive to collect it
  18. 2 points
    Film trivia - C-47 Dakota’s The filming that focused on the air scenes were all completed in 1976, at the beginning of September. This culminated in a number of air drops of approximately 1,000 men, as well as supplies being dropped by several Dakota aircraft. Joseph E. Levine Presents Incorporated (the film company) procured these Dakotas. All aircraft that were used had to be licensed to officially carry passengers and be fully registered. There was originally a deal to purchase ten, but this deal failed when airframes on two failed to have the required jump doors. In total, eleven Dakotas were brought; four were bought by Levine and seven more were loaned while filming.
  19. 2 points
    Two U.S. Air Force A-10C Thunderbolt IIs, a P-38 Lightning and a P-47 Thunderbolt fly in formation during the 2017 Heritage Flight Training.
  20. 2 points
    1957 AEC Militant Mk 1 1973 Landrover Series 3 109" FFR 1975 UAZ 469
  21. 2 points
    Hi Pieter, he was in C squadron Inns of Court Regiment "The Devils Own". I visited the small museum in London a few years back and bought a book about the History including some maps. My Dad, H A Pearse is mentioned. I have yet to fully read it. Very happy to hear about any information you or anyone might have. Thanks. Tim
  22. 2 points
    I assume that this is the incident referred to. Armored Roadblock-June 1941 Mopping-up operations around its bridgehead netted Combat Team R a number of prisoners, about 20 of whom, including a first lieutenant, were loaded onto a truck for evacuation to Rossienie. One German sergeant was placed in charge of the group. About half-way to Rossienie the truck driver suddenly noticed a Russian tank astride the road. As the truck slowed to a halt, the prisoners pounced upon the driver and the sergeant, and the Russian lieutenant lunged for the sergeant's machine pistol. In the struggle that ensued, the powerful German sergeant freed his right arm and struck the lieutenant such a hard blow that he and several other Russians were knocked down by the impact. Before the prisoners could close in again, the sergeant freed his other arm and fired the machine pistol into the midst of the group. The effect of the fire was devastating. Only the lieutenant and a few others escaped ;the rest were killed. The sergeant and the driver returned to the bridgehead with the empty truck and informed their commanding officer that the only supply route to the bridgehead was blocked by a heavy tank of the KV type. The Russian tank crew had meanwhile severed telephone communication between the bridgehead and the division command post. The Russian plan was not clear. In estimating the situation, the bridgehead commander felt that because of the encounter with the tank an attack against the rear of the bridgehead was to be expected ; accordingly, he organized his force immediately for all-around defense. An antitank battery was moved to high ground near the command post, one of the howitzer batteries reversed its field of fire so as to face southwestward, and the engineer company prepared to mine the road and the area in front of the defense position. The tank battalion, which was deployed in a forest southeast of the bridgehead, prepared for a counterattack. During the rest of the day the tank did not move. The next morning,24June, the division tried to send 12supply trucks from Rossienie to the bridgehead. All 12 were destroyed by the Russian tank. A German reconnaissance patrol sent out around noon could find no evidence that a general Russian attack was impending. The Germans could not evacuate their wounded from the bridgehead. Every attempt to bypass the tank failed because any vehicle that drove off the road got stuck in the mud and fell prey to Russians hiding in the surrounding forest. On the same day, an antitank battery with 50-mm. guns was ordered to work its way forward and destroy the tank. The battery confidently accepted this mission. As the first guns approached to within 1,000 yards of the XV,it remained in place, apparently unaware of the German movement. Within the next 30 minutes the entire battery, well camouflaged, had worked its way to within firing range. Still the tank did not move. It was such a perfect target that the battery commander felt that it must have been damaged and abandoned, but he nevertheless decided to fire. The first round, from about 600 yards, was a direct hit. A second and a third round followed. The troops assembled on the hill near the combat team's command post cheered like spectators at a shooting match. Still the tank did not move. By the time that the eighth hit was scored, the Russian tank crew had discovered the position of the firing battery. Taking careful aim, they silenced the entire battery with a few 76-mm. shells, which destroyed two guns and damaged the others. Having suffered heavy casualties, the gun crews were withdrawn to avoid further losses. Not until after dark could the damaged guns be recovered. Since the 50-mm. antitank guns had failed to pierce the 3-inch armor, it was decided that only the 88-mm. flak gun with its armor-piercing shells would be effective. That same afternoon an 88-mm. flak gun was pulled out of its position near Rossienie and cautiously moved up in the direction of the tank, which was then facing the bridgehead. Well camouflaged with branches and concealed by the burned-out German trucks lining the road, the gun safely reached the edge of the forest and stopped 900 yards from the tank. Just as the German crew was maneuvering the gun into position, the tank swung its turret and fired, blasting the flak gun into a ditch. Every round scored a direct hit, and the gun crew suffered heavy casualties. Machinegun fire from the tank made it impossible to retrieve the gun or the bodies of the German dead. The Russians had allowed the gun to approach undisturbed, knowing that it was no threat while in motion and that the nearer it came the more certain was its destruction. Meanwhile, the bridgehead's supplies were running so low that the troops had to eat their canned emergency rations. A staff meeting was therefore called to discuss further ways and means of dealing with the tank. It was decided that an engineer detachment should attempt to blow it up in a night operation. When the engineer company commander asked for 12 volunteers, the men were so anxious to succeed where others had failed that the entire company of 120 volunteered. He ordered the company to count off and chose every tenth man. The detachment was told about its mission, given detailed instructions, and issued explosives and other essential equipment. Under cover of darkness the detachment moved out, led by the company commander. The route followed was a little-used sandy path which led past Hill 400 and into the woods that surrounded the location of the tank. As the engineers approached the tank, they could distinguish its contours in the pale starlight. After removing their boots, they crawled to the edge of the road to observe the tank more closely and to decide how to approach their task. Suddenly there was a noise from the opposite side of the road, and the movement of several dark figures could be discerned. The Germans thought that the tank crew had dismounted. A moment later, however, the sound of tapping against the side of the tank was heard and the turret was slowly raised. The figures handed something to the tank crew, and the sound of clinking dishes could be heard. The Germans concluded that these were partisans bringing food to the tank crew. The temptation to overpower them was great, and .it probably would have been a simple matter. Such an action, however, would have alerted the tank crew and perhaps have wrecked the entire scheme. After about an hour the partisans withdrew, and the tank turret was closed. It was about 0100 before the engineers could finally get to work. They attached one explosive charge to the track and the side of the tank and withdrew after lighting the fuse. A violent explosion ripped the air. The last echoes of the roar had hardly faded away when the tank's machineguns began to sweep the area with fire. The tank did not move. Its tracks appeared to be damaged, but no close examination could be made in the face of the intense machinegun fire. Doubtful of success, the engineer detachment returned to the bridgehead and made its report. One of the twelve men was listed as missing. Shortly before daylight a second explosion was heard from the vicinity of the tank, again followed by the sound of machinegun fire; then, after some time had passed, silence reigned once more. Later that same morning, as the personnel around the command post of Combat Team R were resuming their normal duties, they noticed a barefoot soldier with a pair of boots under his arm crossing the bivouac area. When the commanding officer halted the lone wanderer, all eyes turned to watch. The colonel was heard asking the soldier for an explanation of his unmilitary appearance. Soon the sound of their voices became inaudible as the two principals in this little drama engaged in earnest conversation. As they talked, the colonel's face brightened, and after a few minutes he offered the soldier a cigarette, which the latter accepted, visibly embarrassed. Finally, the colonel patted the soldier on the back, shook his hand, and the two parted, the soldier still carrying his boots. The curiosity of the onlookers was not satisfied until the order of the day was published, together with the following extract from the barefoot soldier's report: I was detailed as an observer for the detachment that was sent to blow up the Russian tank. After all preparations had been made, the company commander and I attached a charge of about double the normal size to the tank track, and I returned to the ditch which was my observation post. The ditch was deep enough to offer protection against splinters, and I waited there to observe the effect of the explosion. The tank, however, covered the area with sporadic machinegun fire following the explosion. After about an hour, when everything had quieted down,I crept to the tank and examined the place where I had attached the charge. Hardly half of the track was destroyed, and I could find no other damage to the tank.I returned to the assembly point only to find that the detachment had departed. While looking for my boots I found that another demolition charge had been left behind. I took it,returned to the tank, climbed onto it,and fastened the charge to the gun barrel in the hope of destroying at least that part of the tank, the charge not being large enough to do any greater damage. I crept under the tank and detonated the charge. The tank immediately covered the edge of the forest with machinegun fire which did not cease until dawn, when I was finally able to crawl out from under the tank. When I inspected the effect of the demolition,I saw, to my regret, that the charge I had used was too weak. The gun was only slightly damaged. Upon returning to the assembly point,I found a pair of boots, which I tried to put on, but they were too small. Someone had apparently taken my boots by mistake. That is why I returned barefoot and late to my company. Here was the explanation of the missing man, the morning explosion, and the second burst of machinegun fire. Three German attempts had failed. The tank still blocked the road and could fire at will. Plan 4, calling for an attack on the tank by dive bombers, had to be canceled when it was learned that no such aircraft could be made available. Whether the dive bombers could have succeeded in scoring a direct hit on the tank is questionable, but it is certain that anything short of that would not have eliminated it. Plan 5 involved a calculated risk and called for deceiving the tank crew. It was hoped that in this way German losses would be kept to a minimum. A feint frontal attack was to be executed by a tank formation approaching from various points in the forest east of the road while another 88-mm. gun was to be brought up from Rossienie to destroy the tank. The terrain was quite suitable for this operation; the forest was lightly wooded and presented no obstacle to tank maneuver. The German armor deployed and attacked the Russian tank from three sides. The Russian crew, clearly excited, swung the gun turret around and around in an effort to hit the German tanks which kept up a continuous fire from the woods. Meanwhile, the 88-mm. gun took up a position to the rear of the tank. The very first round was a direct hit and, as the crew tried to turn the gun to the rear, a second and a third shell struck home. Mortally wounded, the tank remained motionless, but did not burn. Four more 88-mm. armor-piercing shells hit their mark. Then, following the last hit, the tank gun rose straight up as if,even now, to defy its attackers. The Germans closest to the tank dismounted and moved in on their victim. To their great surprise they found that but two of the 88-mm. shells had pierced the tank armor, the five others having made only deep dents. Eight blue marks, made by direct hits of the 50-mm. antitank guns, were found. The results of the engineer attack had amounted to only a damaged track and a slight dent in the gun barrel. No trace of the fire from the German tanks could be found. Driven by curiosity, the Germans climbed onto the tank and tried to open the turret, but to no avail. Suddenly, the gun barrel started to move again and most of the Germans scattered. Quickly, two engineers dropped hand grenades through the hole made by the hit on the lower part of the turret. A dull explosion followed, and the turret cover blew off. Inside were the mutilated bodies of the crew. The Germans had come off poorly in their first encounter with a KV at this point of the front, one single tank having succeeded in blocking the supply route of a strong German force for 48 hours. The above account was taken from the Department of the Army Pamphlet 20-269: Small Unit Actions During the German Campaign in Russia, July 1953, pages 76 to 84, published by the Department of the Army. The book, Small Unit Actions During the German Campaign in Russia, is loaded with material like this.
  23. 2 points
    It would depend on what I plan to use if for. If for hunting, then the M1, or even better and not shown, either the 1903 Springfield or the M1917 Enfield. For straight home defense, the M1 Carbine, as my wife could also probably learn to shoot that, preferably with a 30 round banana clip. The US Marines, during the various interventions in the Caribbean during the 1920s and 1930s discovered that the Thompson was the ideal weapon for use in the jungle, mainly with clips, with the drum magazines for use in defense. As for the BAR, that would be for long-range shooting and using on vehicles with armor-piercing ammo. It is a bit heavy for one man usage.
  24. 2 points
    Ideas from Cold War: Reuse Idle US & Soviet era bunkers, bases, depots, for Tourism & TV & Movie productions. Need Natl Cold War Museum in DC. Cuban MissileCrisis Museum in FL, Key West. Cold War Naval Museum: honor sub hunters, etc since 1945. Gun Ranges to fire Cold War era arms. Fee rides in Hueys, Hueycobras, Bell 47, A1, Bronco, A3, A5, F100, F101, F106, O3, S2, F4, F5, Mig 17, Mig 21, Su 20 etc planes. Cold War theme hotel from ex US air base or naval base. Tours of decomm Nuclear subs IE LA class types. Reuse 1,3 Cold War subs for cruises to No Pole from: San Fran, Seattle, Norfolk, New London, Bangor, Vic BC. If idle, not used, costs to keep up or too costly to demolish alone & same for Russia & China IF any. esp E Europe. & Near Space rides in the US by F15, F14, to Near Space: see Mig Rides from Russia. Just ideas only, reuse surplus for Peace.\
  25. 2 points
    Argentine Federal Police (PFA) officers confiscated numerous historical artifacts belonging to Nazi Germany and objects of Asian and Egyptian origin in Buenos Aires, Friday, as they conducted a recovery operation dubbed "Near East", footage released last month showed.
  26. 2 points
  27. 2 points
    I recorded also on video, ( sorry it is not verry stabile ):
  28. 2 points
    During the night to the 08.07.1943 "S 102" (Lt.z.S. Lutherer) run into a mine in the Straits of Kerč (Kerch) and had to be abandoned. Thereby eight crew members were killed. (Pictures: A. Makarow)
  29. 2 points
    Sonderkommando "Special Command" Elbe "River of Elbe" "Sonderkommando "Elbe" was the name of a World War II Luftwaffe task force assigned to bring down heavy bombers by ramming aircraft into them mid-air. The tactic aimed to cause losses sufficient to halt or at least reduce the Western Allies' bombing of Germany. The pilots were expected to parachute out either just before or after they had collided with their target. The chances of a Sonderkommando Elbe pilot surviving such a practice were low, at a time when the Luftwaffe was lacking sufficient numbers of well-trained pilots. The aircraft of choice for this mission was usually a later version of the Messerschmitt Bf 109, stripped of armor and armament, The heavily stripped-down planes had one synchronized machine gun usually in the upper engine cooling. One of the most famous reports of cockpit ramming was against a Consolidated B-24 Liberator heavy bomber, nicknamed "Palace of Dallas", along with another bomber that the German plane careened into after slicing the cockpit of the Palace of Dallas". A 1944 drawing by Helmuth Ellgaard illustrating "ramming". A damaged B-17 bomber that managed to land after a ramming attempt by a Bf 109. "The Messerschmitt BF 109 of Unteroffizier Heinrich Rosner that took part in the ramming down the B 24 Liberator “Palace of Dallas” (of the 389th Bomb Group) as well as a second and unknown B 24 Liberator. The fact he successively rammed two planes with a single fighter and lived is nothing short of amazing." The Absoloutely brilliant documentary on the Luftwaffe's Deadliest mission.
  30. 2 points
    Not a word about mutilation. Iirc, William the Bastard mutilated the garrison that mocked his bastardy when to took the town of Alencon. Some he blinded, others had their tongues cut out with blacksmith's tongs, others lost hands and feet. The French during the HYW announced before a battle that they would cut the drawstring fingers off the hands of every captured archer. Common soldiers could expect this sort treatment after any battle that they lost. I reckon that the worst the brigand problem, the more likely mutilation would be (when outright execution was not resorted to), to keep the pool of functioning fighters reduced. And to send a message to future pows: don't fight if you don't want a similar fate.
  31. 1 point
    Good question! Anybody can write a guest post for us and if it is good enough, we will publish it.
  32. 1 point
    Hi Mate, British I'm presuming given your avatar? My name is only a reference to the historical figure - my name isn't actually Edward. You're into Operation Market Garden I imagine?
  33. 1 point
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  35. 1 point
    In 1943, an American airman participated in the bombing spree of a French town, resulting in incredible devastation. The man wasn’t satisfied, however, so he threw himself out of his plane to add to the damage below. Plunging many miles without a parachute, he did damage, alright, then died – many years later, that is. That town was Saint-Nazaire in western France. Located beside the right bank of the Loire River estuary, to the south of la Brière (the country’s second biggest swamp), and near the Atlantic Ocean, Saint-Nazaire and water go hand in hand. This is exactly why it was so important to Nazi Germany. When Hitler started WWII in 1939, he was unstoppable. Despite their best efforts, the British and the French couldn’t hold the Germans back. On June 17th, 1940 about 9,000 British Army soldiers hopped aboard several ships docked at Saint-Nazaire with the Germans hot on their heels. Most escaped, save for the RMS Lancastria, which was sunk by German bombers at the cost of some 4,000 British lives. For the residents of Saint-Nazaire, however, far worse was to come. Because of its access to water, the Germans decided to make the town a major naval port, which included a heavily fortified U-boat base. From Saint-Nazaire, German ships and submarines could wreak havoc on British supply lines, and was why Britain had to take it out. On March 28th, 1942 the British launched Operation Chariot, successfully damaging Saint-Nazaire’s dry dock and keeping it non-operational throughout the rest of the war. So that prevented large German warships from using the town, but not the dreaded U-boat pens. A Boeing B-17E Flying Fortress Aerial bombardment was risky because the Germans protected the town with highly-effective surface-to-air and air-to-air defenses. As such, the Allies called Saint-Nazaire “Flak City” because of all the stuff that was thrown at them from the ground and from the sky. Not that it ever stopped them. On January 3rd, 1943 the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF) launched its sixth bombardment of Saint-Nazaire, hoping to finally take out its U-boat base. It was led by Colonel Curtis LeMay, and involved a force of 85 Boeing B-17 Flying Fortresses. Among them was the B-17 #41-24620, nicknamed Snap! Crackle! Pop!, which had a remarkably lucky man on board. That man was Alan Eugene Magee, born on January 13th, 1919 in Plainfield, New Jersey. As soon as he heard of the attack on Pearl Harbor, Alan joined the USAAF, which was how he ended up as a staff sergeant with the 360th Bomb Squadron of the 303rd Bomb Group. Standing 5’ 7” tall, Alan was assigned to the ball turret – a spherical Plexiglas compartment beneath the plane which contained two heavy machine guns. Though it provided a magnificent view when in flight, it was also the most vulnerable part of the plane and the first thing the enemy targeted. Worse, Plexiglas offers no protection against bullets, whatsoever. Because of the need to accurately target the U-boat pens and to minimize civilian casualties, the air raid had to take place in broad daylight. Unfortunately, it also left the USAAF even more vulnerable to enemy flack. Finally, there was the matter of intel. Earlier reconnaissance showed that torpedoes had been stacked atop the U-boat pens. The thinking was that if they could hit those, then the damage would be even greater. The squadron took off from their base in Molesworth, England in the early morning of a clear sky. It was Alan’s seventh mission, and as they entered French airspace, he crammed himself into his ball turret – and not a moment too soon, as 25 to 35 Messerschmitt Bf 109s zoomed in on them. The Americans took out 12 (and possibly another seven), severely damaging one. Snap! Crackle! Pop! made it over the target area before a 109 raked its right wing, shearing off a section of it. More bullets burst through the thin Plexiglas, hitting Alan. Desperately scrambling out of his turret and onto the flight deck, he groaned at what he saw – a gap had been torn open on one side of the bomber. Then the plane shook and began its downward death spiral. So Alan ran to get his parachute… but it just wasn’t his day. It, too, had been ripped to shreds by German flak. As the bomber continued to plummet, he could only shrug, take a deep breath, and pray. Then he jumped through the new opening, praying even more before he blacked out. Down below, people were out in the open, waiting for the raid to end. Those standing near the Saint-Nazaire railway station looked up and scrambled away as a new object hurtled their way. But as it got closer, a few realized that it wasn’t a bomb. It was Alan. After falling for about four miles, his unconscious body made a beeline toward the station’s beautiful glass skylight which was still miraculously intact – though not for long. German submarine base at Saint-Nazare, France. By KaTeznik – CC BY-SA 2.0 FR Alan punched a hole through it before landing with a thud on the station floor. He later woke up before a still-stunned German doctor who promised to do everything he could to save the airman’s life. And the doctor kept his word. Despite suffering 28 shrapnel wounds, a broken nose, a ripped-off eyelid, a punctured lung and kidneys, a broken right leg and ankle, as well as a right arm almost torn out of his torso, Alan survived. As to the German authorities, they were so in awe of him that according to Alan’s own accounts, he was treated very well. Not that it stopped them from throwing him into a POW camp till the end of the war. Of the 85 bombers that LeMay used, 76 hit their mark at a cost of 47 permanently damaged planes and seven downed ones, including Snap! Crackle! Pop! But while they leveled the surrounding area, they barely scratched the U-boat pens which now serve as a tourist attraction. Despite the fact that almost 90% of Saint-Nazaire was obliterated by war’s end, its residents made a monument to the Snap! Crackle! Pop! and its crew. They then welcomed Alan back on January 3rd, 1993 for the dedication. And though he participated in their town’s destruction, they made him an honorary citizen of it. Alan later died on December 20th, 2003 at the ripe old age of 84. View the full article
  36. 1 point
    Hello Bob! Welcome to the forum! Impressive service record, you sure saw a big chunk of the Asia.
  37. 1 point
    Articles, pieces , on Defense Tech Recycle Defense Tech for Civilan use IE Ex WW1 Jennys for barnstorming plane rides post war Future Wars. Bio/Nuclear War Survival. Chaos Survival. Omega Man defense: examine bunker home from 1971 movie Omega Man, doable, fake etc. Tech War: Lasers, sonics, mind bombs etc. Area 51 NV etc add to WHO.
  38. 1 point
    Attached is one of the most famous recipes of the US Army in World War 2. Interestingly enough, it is a favorite at WW2 veteran reunions. I suspect that it brings back the memories of when they were soldiers. I should add that as my family was not exactly wealthy, I grew up eating this as well, and still like it.
  39. 1 point
    One more but then I really should get some work done. This picture was taken during the "Race to the Bridge" event in which takes place every year in September.
  40. 1 point
    I found this one on the site of the Battle Detective, it shows the ship with German Soldiers in front of her.
  41. 1 point
    Surely enough time has passed and this fairytale can be put to bed . The Turks allowed the invaders to leave because by this time it was clear to them that they had backed the wrong side . German inaction and limitations convinced the Turks that they would be dealing with Britain and France at the conclusion of hostilities . To turn butcher would harm their bargaining position in the future .
  42. 1 point
    In May 1941, German paratroopers invaded and overran the island of Crete. A British force, which included New Zealanders and supported by the local resistance, fought hard for a week before being forced to evacuate the island. The British could have done more to preserve Crete but if they had done then far more might have been lost. The sacrifice of Crete and the sacrifices of the men who fought there helped to win the war. The War in the Mediterranean During the Second World War, fighting in the Eastern Mediterranean had many facets. Two of the most important were the battles for Greece and North Africa. At first, the British focused on Greece. They hoped that, by supporting the Greeks, they could halt the Axis advance and then push them back through the Balkans. The British in North Africa 1942. It was not to be. The initial invasion of Greece by the Italians was a massive failure. It forced the Germans to intervene, and their more capable military quickly defeated both the Greeks and a British expeditionary force. Within a month, only one part of Greece remained free. It was the Island of Crete, defended by a British Army contingent under General Bernard Freyberg, the Commander of the New Zealand Division. Islands such as Crete were important in controlling the sea lanes, as they provided bases for ships and planes. As such, Crete could be invaluable in maintaining supplies to British troops fighting in North Africa, the only active front now that Greece had fallen. However, it was not the most strategically important of these islands. Woking on a Hurricane in North Africa. Ultra Intelligence On April 30, 1941, Freyberg had a meeting with his superior, General Wavell. There he was told about a part of the Allied war effort he had never heard of before. It was so secret it would not be discussed openly until decades after the war. Its name was Ultra. Ultra was the interception and decryption of high-level German orders, in particular, those encoded using the Enigma machine. It was kept secret so the Germans would not know the code had been cracked, and therefore change it. The Poles had made the first breakthrough, but it was now in the hands of the British, and they were very careful with its use. If any word of Ultra leaked out, then the single best intelligence source of the war would be lost. Bernard Freyberg in 1952 Working in Secret At that April meeting, Freyberg was told he would receive information from Ultra. It came with rigid conditions. He could not discuss Ultra with his staff. He could not act based on information that came only from Ultra, in case it gave the game away to the Germans. He could use the info to guide him in whatever else he paid attention to, and to help him filter and understand lower level intelligence. Ultra itself must remain secret. This was how Crete’s sacrifice helped to protect British operations. As word came in of a planned German invasion, Freyberg prepared the best defenses he could without giving away clues about Ultra. It allowed a strong defense to be mounted, but not as strong as if everyone had been acting on Ultra. The limited resources Wavell gave Freyberg was also due to the other theaters of war. With Greece gone, the British needed to concentrate their efforts in North Africa. Crete would have to get by with what Freyberg already had. The German Attack Early on May 20, the German attack began. 500 transport planes and 72 gliders soared over Crete in history’s first great paratrooper invasion. 500 bombers and fighters supported the commandos as they descended on the island. The initial results were mixed. Freyberg made good use of the limited resources available to him. Landing around the Máleme airfield, German troops took Tavronitis Bridge and later the airfield. Others landed among the British and Commonwealth forces and suffered heavy casualties. Units were wiped out or scattered across the countryside. Heavy mortars were lost in a reservoir. A glider crash killed a group of divisional commanders. Fresh German troops arrived the next day, led by the invasion’s Commander, Major-General Ringer. At dawn on the 23rd, he launched a three-pronged attack that quickly began to push the Allies back. Fierce fighting erupted in the north against the Cretan resistance and in the east against troops from New Zealand. It was not enough to save Crete. On May 27, Freyberg accepted the inevitable. He gave the order to evacuate. Hitler Loses Faith Before Crete, paratrooper landings had seemed to hold out great promise to the Germans. Swift, sudden attacks by elite soldiers had brought them victories in the late stages of the First World War. They had brought success in Poland and France at the start of this war. Making such attacks from the air fitted the strategy and self-image of the German military. Although Crete had fallen, the cost was too high for Hitler. 3,714 men had been killed, and 2,494 wounded – more losses than in the entire Balkan campaign. The Fuhrer banned further paratrooper invasions. A year later, a prospective airborne invasion of Malta was canceled on these grounds. Smoke over Suda Bay Why Malta Mattered As Rommel charged against the British in Egypt, Malta was one of the few places holding open British supply lines in North Africa. If it had fallen, the whole British operation in the desert could have crumbled. There would have been no foothold for the Americans to join, no springboard for the invasion of Italy, no distraction for the Axis as D-Day approached. The sacrifice of Crete preserved the secrecy of Ultra. It left troops available to fight in North Africa. The intelligent and courageous defense Freyberg and his men put up ensured an end to the threat of German parachute landings. Great sacrifices were made at Crete. They were vital to the war in North Africa and the Mediterranean. Sources: Ralph Bennett (1999), Behind the Battle: Intelligence in the War with Germany 1939-1945. Nigel Cawthorne (2004), Turning the Tide: Decisive Battles of the Second World War. View the full article
  43. 1 point
  44. 1 point
    Presently I am reading, in conjunction with the World War 2 class that I am teaching the following books. The Ciano Diaries, by Count Ciano, Mussolini's Foreign Minister and also son-in-law. The Italian Navy in World War 2 by Cmdr. Marc Bragadin 100 Best True Stories of World War 2, by various. It includes an account of Rodger Young's final action. Corregidor: The Saga of a Fortress, by Belote and Belote and for a change of pace, Merchant Ship Types by A. C. Hardy.
  45. 1 point
    There were dressed as Indians, but the painter has taken more than a bit of creative license with the attire and timing. The Boston Tea Party took place at night, the the colonists using torches to light things up, not during the day as depicted. Also, while the Iroquois Indians that the colonists would have been most familiar with did go bare-chested at times. they wore leggings made from deer hide or purchased cloth and a long shirt made from the same materials most of the time. I strongly suspect that the participants in the Tea Party on the part of the colonists did not go bare chested. They did, based on reports, paint their faces to make it harder for the British to identify them. There probably would also have been blacks in the Party goers as well. One of those killed in the Boston Massacre was Crispus Attucks, who according to most reports, was black.
  46. 1 point
    Capt. Dale Dye (PLATOON, SAVING PRIVATE RYAN, BAND OF BROTHERS and THE PACIFIC) has set out to make one of the greatest war films of all time, outside the traditional Hollywood way. A first in movie history, you'll see a war film made for Veterans, by Veterans --both behind the camera and in front-- with part of the proceeds going back to Veterans. NO BETTER PLACE TO DIE is a gripping story of self-sacrifice, camaraderie, and love for one's country. It's a story for all American Patriots. https://www.indiegogo.com/projects/no-better-place-to-die-film-war--2#/
  47. 1 point
    I am going to look into it!
  48. 1 point
    There it is, open for business now: https://boards.warhistoryonline.com/forum/31-cold-war/
  49. 1 point
    Yes the Germans were desperate especially on that day when there were 1300 US Bombers over German airspace, my question was why on earth did they strip of nearly all the armament and weapons? they had the ammunition but why did they not just try and shoot them down? were there too many bombers? these questions sadly remain unanswered. It was stated that over 2000 Luftwaffe pilots volunteered for this dangerous mission, 300 fighter pilots of those 2000 were selected and these pilots were mostly aged 18-21 as their battle experience was low or they had no experience at all. The mission was classified as a fail as around 22-24 bombers were downed by BF-109 pilots, as soon as the Americans were aware, they had sent out P-51's after the BF-109's, some BF-109 pilots were even shot down by the Gunners from the B24's. It was stated that around 6 109 pilots didn't eject after ramming the bombers and were KIA.
  50. 1 point
    Thanks Shaheen, a brilliant post!