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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

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  1. 1 point
    I don't know about "very few" knowing the history, but the Guardsman described in the picture mounting guard outside Buckingham Palace is a member of the Grenadier Guards- not the Coldstream as described. Apart from the regimental badges their loyalty can be ascertained by examining the buttons in the front of the tunic. They are arranged in ones for the Grenadiers. In groups of two for the Coldstream. Groups of three for the Scots Guards. Groupds of four for the Irish Guards, and groups of five for the Welsh Guards.
  2. 1 point
    A couple of comments here, particularly on the following passage: "By now the Germans had advanced nearly 200 miles into the Soviet Union’s territory and they were just a third of the way to Moscow...This strategic operation was launched by the Wehrmacht and commanded by Field Marshal Fedor von Bock, who was the head of Army Group Centre. The plan was to attack from Poland through the Bialystok-Minsk-Smolensk axis towards Moscow." Jurgen keeps referring to Barbarossa as the operation launched "from Poland" into the Soviet Union's territory, when in fact - particularly as it relates to Army Group Center - it was launched from West Poland into East Poland occupied by RKKA. For example, Bialystok only became 'the Soviet Union's territory' just over 2 years prior to that. "The casualities were tremendous for the Soviets: 417,729 men. The equipment the Red Army lost was also great, comprising 1,177-1,669 aircraft, 4,799 tanks, and 9,427 guns and mortars. The Germans, on the other hand, lost a comparably small number of 12,157 men, considering that the initial attack started with a total number of 750,000 men. The battle was ferocious for the Soviets and caused them a defeat which made the world think they lost the war." The description of this battle as "ferocious for the Soviets" will probably change if you add another statistics - namely that the number of Soviet POWs and deserters was in the millions. Hardly a ferocious fighting force, all things considered. I would describe it as a pretty damning evidence of the total command and control collapse.
  3. 1 point
    A sergeant. The division patch is that of the 36th Division, a Texas-Oklahoma National Guard unit formed in late July - early August 1917 at Camp Bowie near Fort Worth. The insignia is an arrowhead pointed down with the letter T superimposed. The arrowhead represents Oklahoma and the T is for Texas. His collar brass (the round device with US on it) also shows the number 3. This is the 3rd Texas Infantry Regiment which was later renumbered as the 143rd US Infantry. This helps us identify the time frame of the photo since that change occurred in October 1917 when the 3rd and 5th Texas Infantry Regiments were combined to form the 143rd US. The distinctive unit insignia behind the collar brass is, probably, since I don’t have one handy, the insignia of the 3rd Texas Infantry although it could be an early insignia for the 143rd. It is certainly not the current insignia 143rd Infantry which was approved in 1926. The wreathed shield, barred, with a star surmounting is typical of Texas units of the time and even survives in the modern insignia of the 144th US Infantry which was formed in the 36th Division at the same time as the 143rd. See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/143rd_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States) for the current 143rd insignia and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/144th_Infantry_Regiment_(United_States) to compare with the insignia of the 144th. The qualification badges are, on the left “Expert” and on the right appears to be “Marksman” although the glare in the photo could be covering the detail that would make it a “Sharpshooter” badge; the difference being the marksman badge has a plain center to the cross, but the sharpshooter badge has a superimposed circular target. My bet, just because of the glare, is that it a Marksman qualification badge. The rectangles below the badges would identify the weapon for which he earned the qualification badges, but the photo does not have enough detail for further identification. So, photo was probably taken sometime between the end of July and mid-October 1917.
  4. 1 point
    SITES AROUND THE AUSCHWITZ BIRKENAU My new material from the Poland-2018 trip took me almost a month of researching, writing, editing. I have visited the Auschwitz memorial site and want to share with you ‘beyond-the-fence’ walking experience along the locations of the historical significance, generally poor known among the visitors. With great respect, I hope this article can widen your understanding of the place, motivate for mindful history and to make your own travel. I would be greatly appreciated for your feedback (comments, questions, suggestions) as it energizes me to work and share new materials with you. Travel your own history. https://war-documentary.info/beyond-birkenau/
  5. 1 point
    Anyone play COD who is in this forum? I play COD 2
  6. 1 point
    my pleasure sir.and thank you.
  7. 1 point
    My name is Phil elsner and I enlisted in the United States navy in July 1964.in August I was sent to the great lakes naval training center and after three months I was sent to my first duty station.this was in Washington d,c.and it was in anacostia naval air station. I was there for one year and after leaving I was sent to the uss Yorktown CVS 10 in long beach California. In 1965 we left for Vietnam and the Tonkin gulf.we did two tours of cutoff the coast and going north to Yankee station.we were out in the area for six months and then we were relieved by another carrier and we returned back to the states.after three years I was honorably discharged. Thank you Phil elsner photo mate third class ret.
  8. 1 point
    I've always wanted to find out what others thought about, If the Beach Assignments were set up differently... Mainly, the Americans Land on Sword and Juno, Canadians at Gold, and the British Forces at Omaha and Utah Beach. Taking in consideration the Different Equipment, Tactics and Leadership of the Units that went in on that day. Also, Gen Patton's Third Army going in thru Caen. Could the collapse of the German Forces have happened quicker?
  9. 1 point
    Jay Hemmings writes, "His unit was sent into battle in the Battle of Moscow in 1941, but he quickly decided that he needed to do more to the German soldiers than simply fire mortars at them. He started to use his unit’s time off to hunt down German troops in the city and take them out from a distance." I don't know your source, Jay, but I do know that Wehrmacht never entered Moscow, so the only German troops "in the city" were POWs, and it would make no sense to "hunt them down and take them out from the distance". The part about "he quickly decides" to do anything other than what he was assigned to do as a rank and file soldier in RKKA is very much doubtful as well - this is not how things worked in that organization.
  10. 1 point
    Yeah, I imagine a snow covered trench with a mortar crew in it, and a guy telling his senior, "Comrade Junior Lieutenant, since we're not firing the mortar for another couple of hours, let me grab that sniper rifle and crawl off to shoot some Germans from the distance." And, by the way, where would he even get the sniper rifle? What a crock...
  11. 1 point
    Here are the Top 5 Russian special task forces that made the word “Spetsnaz” famous and recognizable around the globe. 1. GRU Spetsnaz: Born in 1950, special units of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) are the “eyes and ears” of the Russian Army’s General Staff. Not coincidentally, their emblem depicts a bat against a backdrop of a globe, not unlike that of a certain caped crusader. Like this animal, GRU Spetsnaz covertly and quietly operates in the dead of night around the whole world. The night before Warsaw Pact forces entered Prague on 21 August 1968 and ended the Prague Spring, Spetsnaz GRU fighters effortlessly took control of all the main administrative buildings of the Czech capital. Spetsnaz GRU undertook missions in Angola, Beirut, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Cambodia, where they even managed to steal a brand-new AH-1 Cobra helicopter from anAmerican base. 2. FSB Spetsnaz: When at the 1972 Munich Olympics Palestinian terrorists attacked and killed members of the Israeli team, the Soviet leadership was determined never to let anything of the sort happen in the Soviet Union. Two years later, the Alpha Group counter-terrorism task force of the KGB was established. Moscow was preparing to host the 1980 Summer Olympics, and Alpha was charged with guaranteeing security. Alpha Group’s most famous operations include the assault (along with Spetsnaz GRU) of the Tajbeg Palace in Afghanistan and the assassination of Afghan President Hafizullah Amin in 1979. During the Chechen Wars, the task group attempted to liberate a hospital in Budyonnovsk, seized by the terrorists. However, the assault was thwarted, and the militants managed to escape. In 2002 FSB’s Alpha and its comrade Vympel (established in 1981) assaulted the Dubrovka Theater in Moscow after it was seized by terrorists. As a result of the operation, 750 hostages were liberated, while 36 militants were killed. Unfortunately, 130 hostages died during the assault and afterwards in the hospital. 3. Airborne Troops special forces: Unlike their colleagues from Spetsnaz GRU, airborne special forces do not operate worldwide. Their main task is to prepare a foothold in the enemy rear for the mass landing of the Airborne Troops and they usually operate at a distance of no more than 2,000 km from their forces. The Airborne Troops special task force today is the 45th Guards Independent Reconnaissance Brigade (until 2015, regiment). During the First Chechen War, the regiment’s soldiers participated in the assault of Grozny. Chechen militants were shocked by the Spetsnaz forces’ “silent” method of work: they quietly occupied building after building, leaving them for the motorized infantry that followed. Whole Chechen units disappeared without a trace. 4. Navy Spetsnaz: The first Soviet frogmen appeared during the siege of Leningrad in 1941 to protect the city and the Baltic Fleet. There, they clashed with torpedo boats from the Italian 12th Assault Vessel Squadron, which targeted the Soviet warships, as well as the city's bridges, communications posts, and infrastructure. As a result, Soviet specialists prevented Leningrad from being blown up. Nowadays, units of the Russian Underwater Diversionary Forces and Facilities (PDSS), as the Navy Spetsnaz is called, are based with each Russian Fleet and fill their ranks with the best-of-the-best Marines. The mission of such units is to ensure the security of naval facilities and warships. In the event of war, the PDSS undertakes saboteur missions in enemy waters. 5. Special Operations Forces: The youngest among the Russian Spetsnaz units, the Special Operations Forces (SOF) were established in 2009. This structure is subordinate to the General Staff and includes and deploys all types of Army special task forces. Information on SOF personnel and operations is classified. It is known that its fighters took part in operations in Crimea (2014), Syria and clashes with Somali pirates.
  12. 1 point
    You have to put it into some context. The German and other Axis POWs were not exclusively being herded into the camps - literally millions of former Soviet citizens had been fighting against RKKA and rounded up at the end of the war. I haven't seen any accounts about the Germans particularly being targeted for mass extermination, but they were definitely used as slave labor all over the devastated by the war country. Also, Stalin exiled many ethnic Germans to Kazakhstan during the war. 1989 census reported close to a million of them residing there.
  13. 1 point
    The German U-Boat. The Deadliest Hunter Of The Sea -The Destroyer of Souls - Jay Hemmings for example, I started reading it and was stopped in my tracks by the assertion "and they were the first nation to use subs during that particular war". Rubbish. Britain was equipped with operational Submarines at the start of the war. Then I got to "In 1939, when the Second World War broke out, Germany had only managed to construct 57 U-boats, but these new U-boats were far sturdier and more technologically advanced than their WWI predecessors, featuring heat-seeking torpedoes, large gun decks, and spiderweb mines". I stopped reading at that point. There is just no room for these sorts of errors in a historical narrative and I'm afraid errors and ommissions of this magnitude make a nonsense of the whole article. To be fair to Mr. Hemmings, he is not the only one authoring articles with significant errors of fact in them and it detracts from the whole site when they are allowed to get past publishers.
  14. 1 point
    First off, let me apologize to all for what clearly appears to be a "rant" in my initial comment. But it is frustrating to see this error repeatedly in the articles on this site. But to answer Philip, the differences between right and left are seen as: the left-wing believes society is best served with an expanded, controlling role for the government, which use social systems and ideologies of force (e.g., socialism, fascism, communism, “progressivism”). The right believes that individual rights and civil liberties are paramount and the role — and especially the power — of the government is minimized, seen in social systems and ideologies of freedom (e.g., capitalism, classical liberalism, constitutional republicanism), and based on fundamental moral truths on which freedom depends. The left believes it is not only ok, but imperative that they take what is yours and spread it to those who did not work for it. The right believes it is their inherent right to keep what they have worked for. Example: we may ask, what about those less fortunate? The left believes in coercion (higher taxes, wealth distribution, etc) to address this problem. The right prefers to use charity and choice (charitable organizations, churches, etc) to address the problem, which by the way has been seen to provide much higher success than force. A current lesson in the news is the destruction of Venezuela by the imposition of socialism as its system of government. Socialism has NEVER worked in any country where it has ever been tried. As long as imperfect humans are running it, it can never work. Sorry for the possibly long-winded answer, but there is, in fact, much more that could be added about these political systems. And one caveat I must state, that even though capitalism is included in much of the discussion about this topic, it is actually a financial system, not a political system. The USA is a federal (constitutional) republic politically and uses capitalism as its financial system.
  15. 1 point
    I kind of agree with Joe, the criterion for distinguishing the 'left' from the 'right' seems to be as arbitrary as Hegel's dialectics. In fact, late Stanford University research fellow Antony Sutton said as much calling 'left-right' division a Hegelian trap. It stroke me as insightful enough to pose when I realized that Hitler's Nazi Germany and Stalin's USSR started the Second World War together - as de facto and de jure allies - by agreeing to and executing the division of Poland, a sovereign European state, in near perfect accord.
  16. 1 point
    Thanks for the comment. Yes it probably somewhat sweeping but hardly an accusation. A comment on the "document" before me, yes. A statement on the commentators style and research, yes. Obviously, I follow the site but I tend to have a researchers outlook (engineering law), which fortunately my kids and grand kids follow, so the first answer to a issue/event/design or problem may not be the correct one and/or even free of extraneous thought which is why cross referencing is always recommended. Without going into a blow by blow pull down of the article a simple thought would be well kept in mind - there is a difference in planning and capability. They may have "planned" to use 12 nukes but did they have the capability? Or did the fire bombing of Tokyo in April really show the way for without the massive cash requirement of the nukes? It was certainly way more effective than the nukes in terms of bodies and buildings. Without wishing to be a smart-arse, the following is an interesting look at some of the extent of the "cost" of the nukes development:- https://www.citylab.com/design/2018/05/inside-the-secret-cities-that-created-the-atomic-bomb/559601/ Remember the site is semi-historical and some of the articles/comments are in fact quite enlightening.
  17. 1 point
    Here's a direct quote: "War History Online is publishing an article on a female hero of the Red Army who defended Leningrad from the very beginning of the Siege until the surrender of German troops in Kurland pocket." and there's an issue here - it implies that Kurland pocket operation was directly related to the Siege of Leningrad. It was not. The Siege of Leningrad was officially over by February 1944, over 6 months before the Kurland pocket operation would begin. Not to mention that it was quite some distance from Leningrad.
  18. 1 point
    Actually, Vyborg is comparatively close to Leningrad/St. Petersburg - just over 100 km north-west; moreover, without the Finnish advance during the Continuation War between Finland and USSR, the Siege of Leningrad would unlikely take place at all. This phase of the conflict, by the way, began with the bombing raids of Finnish cites by the Soviet VVS on June 25, 1941 - just 3 days after the launch of Barbarossa by Wehrmacht. Makes you think about the RKKA General Staff's strategic prowess. And, yes, Zhukov was the RKKA Chief of General Staff at the time, so he had something to do with that.
  19. 1 point
    This trailer is very captivating! _______________________________________________________________________________________________ Mini Militia App Lock 7Zip
  20. 1 point
    I can't read any article on FB of yours anymore without a scam pop up trying to direct me to what I've "won". I'll give it a little longer and if it continues I figure your complicit and give up on your site.
  21. 1 point
    Never stop reading and never get your history from the TV, movies, or UTube.
  22. 1 point
    RKKA was by far the largest army at the onset of WW2 - more so than at its end.
  23. 1 point
    Bonjour worldwide friends. Between May 15 and May 27 in the village of Stonne called by the Germans "The Verdun of 1940" the French despite the weakness of their troops and heavy weapons arrested the troops of Heinz Guderian for twelve days. The losses on both sides were heavy. The Germans found before them the anger of the soldiers who were the sons of those of 1916. The greatest French defeat was in fact the decay of the French State of the 30s. In six weeks of fighting 100,000 dead and missing.The father of my paternal father had told his son it was the last of the sires twenty years later everything had to be redone. Three wars between France and Germany lead us to the ruin of a continent. Now it seems that our old demons are resurfacing through all these populist parties that want the end of the EC. Today the Brexit first attempt to put down this institution not perfect but that makes us in peace for seventy-three years. I wish you a peaceful Sunday.
  24. 1 point
    When discussing the AK-47, the author states that in the movie Rambo, the title character wreaks havoc on a town using an AK-47. Uh... no he doesn't. He is actually using an M-60 machine gun that he got out of the back of the deuce and a half truck he stole from a hapless Washington State National Guardsman. Small point, but your comment is inaccurate, nonetheless.
  25. 1 point
    Thanks Ron, Yes I have many books, including The Devil's Brigade, and read tons online...really interesting unit and history, one tough bunch of guys!
  26. 1 point
    In trials of the Owen, the operator went to the end of a mud-bog,thrust the gun deeply into the mud and held it there.Then he pulled it out,turned it over and submerged it again, ensuring that mud was pushed into all surfaces. The gun was then retrieved and, without cleaning or adjustment ,proceeded to fire perfectly. THe now empty magazine was then replaced and the weapon continued firing. "Almost unbelievable ,isn't it ?" said the newreel commentator. Because it was an Australian weapon,of course, few outsders have every heard of it. The Owen Machine-Carbine continued in use by the Australian army in Korea and the early years of the Vietnam conflict. (vide Arms of Destruction: Ranking the World's Best Land Weapons of WW2. Robert A Slayton, among other sources)
  27. 1 point
    Well, can't tell you for sure why the uptick, but the story about a Soviet submarine command restraining itself from launching nuclear weapon in several variations is a complete bunk. At the time of the Cuban Crisis no Soviet submarine was capable of launching such a weapon without surfacing and arming it for like 15 to 30 minutes. Throw a limited range on top of it, and it obviously would be toast well before the launch.
  28. 1 point
    I just read the article by George Winston(True Crimes Including Stealing Children for the Master Race) where he equated the Holocaust with the interment of the Japanese-Americans of WWII. I am not making light of what they(Japanese-Americans) went through or the losses that they suffered.But I do not think that you can put the two problems on the same level. Injustices were done, but no one was assigned death as they entered the camp, nor were their families stripped from them. Life was tough, but the people that went through it came out stronger and tougher. They had the most decorated unit of the US military. Judgement is being done with 2018 ideals for a 1940's problem. Convince me that the holocaust and Japanese treatment of our POWS was as bad as what these people went through. I am not trying to be argumentative, teach me what I am missing.
  29. 1 point
    Hey guys, I thought you would appreciate this WW2 Movies website; it lists hundreds of movies and series related to the second world war. If you know of any movies that aren't listed (some use the English movie title), let me know!
  30. 1 point
    Can't quite agree with "no one was prepared for the new tactics and the speed of the German movements"... At the end of WW1, the British having stockpiled large supplies of tanks got ready to put them to use in 1919. Not randomly, but after first having given considerable thought about how to go about it. A Small group of British offices produced a strategy called (rather unoriginally) "Plan 1919". The three officers were Fuller, Liddell-Hart, and Trevelyan.They called their plan to the assault on German lines using massed tanks "expanding Torrents"... Germany realised that it was already beaten and threw-in the towel at the end of !918, so "Plan 1919" was never out into action. But it WAS talked about, and written about.It was the basis for "Blitzkrieg". A young French officer read what Liddell-Hart and Fuller had been writing, and was impressed; he penned his own volume titled "The Army of the Future". His name was Charles deGaulle - maybe you've heard of him?! DeGaulle's book was in turn read by a young German officer, named Guederian, and he also wrote a book basically repeating the same ideas, The book was called "Achtung, Panzer!" Hitler in turn was very impressed, and placed Guederian in charge of developing the armoured forces -and-strategies of the rapidly expanding Wehrmacht. So... by 1939 quite a LOT of people were familiar with idea originally promulgated by the British. Those people included quite a few French officers... but (alas) NOT their supreme command, whose response to the outbreak of war was to assume that - like WW1 - it would be a static war. The French command established an HQ in an impressive chateau... without the benefit of modern telephony, expecting to communicate with sub-commanders using despatch riders on motorcycles. (Rather reminiscent of Napoleonic times, or maybe the Crimean war, where "Gallopers" carried messages back and forth.) In 1940,The messengers proved totally incapable of transmitting information fast enough to be useful.The guys at the top of the French army (OLD men) were still fighting WW1. But a few (younger) officers reacted rather more appropriately. There was quite a successful counterattack against the invading Germans near Arras, Three names come up, associated with that fight) sadly, lacking sufficient resources to be effective other than short term. A British general named Montgomery, a French one named deGaulle, and a German named Rommel. So, not everyone was caught with their pants down.
  31. 1 point
    In addition to that, in the South it was perceived as an incentive for the slaves to riot, escape and spy on the Confederates. At the end of the war, when the "rebels" faced severe attrition problems, the Confederate Secretary of State Benjamin even pushed his own version of Emancipation Proclamation to free slaves who would fight for the South. This measure, however, was delayed and watered down to the point of being completely ineffective.
  32. 1 point
    Hello Mr Leonard , I am a bit confused , I was told that there was a reply to my comment in which I pointed out the same lug nut as you did . Has someone deleted a post or some other thing I missed ? I have not taken offence or even a wall or gate or some other property boundary . Which reminds me , did you know that the long lost President Idi Amin , when asked what he was going to do about defence replied "De man comin' wid de hammer and nails to fix it"
  33. 1 point
    Whoa there big fella. Easy now. It is always best not to take offense unless and until it is well, truly, and pointedly offered. I was referring to the lug nut who wrote the headline for the article in "Army Times," above.
  34. 1 point
  35. 1 point
    What we now call PTSD has probably been around since the beginning of organized warfare. In American terms, during the Civil War it was called Soldier's Heart or Nostalgia. World War one it became Shell Shock, World War Two called it Combat Fatigue. For my generation at first it was called Post Vietnam Syndrome and then PTSD. As it was explained to me during my treatment, PTSD is a normal reaction to abnormal circumstances. Once I quit drinking, and I never took the drugs the VA offered, my head gradually cleared with the passage of time. Today I prefer to only associate with fellow veterans, as a member of AmVets, VFW, American Legion, and Vietnam Veterans of America. I do not have any "civilian" friends. By the way, the new "politically correct" designation is PTS. They no longer want to say we are disordered. As if we are flippin' snowflakes that might suffer damage at a word.
  36. 1 point
    I am new to this site. RE: Even in The USA, There Are Still Many Things Folks Don’t Know Too Much About The American Civil War, seems to be a topic. But I can't find the other replies. Yes, the average US citizen does not have a clue about the War Between the States. Most think it was over slavery. It was over money. The South had money, the North wanted it. Lincoln started the crap about freeing slaves as a tool to get 100,000 men into the Union Army. His so-called, "emancipation proclamation" only freed slaves in the Confederacy. At that time, it was legal for States to leave the Union. The South left the Union and formed an independent nation. Lincoln had no authority in the South. What it did do, was make an impact in the North. Blacks joined the Union Army by the droves. If Lincoln had not done this, his army would have dried up. Also, if the war was to free slaves, why did the Union Generals own slaves? I like the question; Who owned more slaves during the war; General Lee or Grant? The answer, of course, is General Grant, a future president. General Lee freed the slaves he had. This is just the start of the discussion. There are so many other topics on the War Between the States that we could make a website just for that.
  37. 1 point
    Heavily slanted towards the anti war crowd views from the 60's, Yet to meet a 11 B that wear the CIB that didn't feel the same way ☺
  38. 1 point
    It's a show about a detective during WW2 who solves crimes that people commit on the homefront. Very realistic, no CGI or anything like that. It pays attention to history. You have to watch it closely though to pay attention to detail, so you can get the mystery. My family and I are going to visit England this August, and I plan to visit Hastings and Dover there, maybe take the chunnel over to Dunkirk. Lots of history.
  39. 1 point
  40. 1 point
    Two U.S. Air Force A-10C Thunderbolt IIs, a P-38 Lightning and a P-47 Thunderbolt fly in formation during the 2017 Heritage Flight Training.
  41. 1 point
    My late uncle John Russell was the TV Lawman. He also co starred in It Takes a Thief as Dover for Robert Wagner Al Mundy charcters Boss. His last movie was 1985 Pale Rider. Was Marine Intelligence officer on Guadalcanal, had malaria. Never told any war accounts when I was younger, Dont know his Unit, etc nothing. Any Marine vet can Help. IE acess Personnel files, Unit files etc for Guadalcanal, 1942. & Lawman is on DVD from Amazon as is It Takes a Thief.
  42. 1 point
    Failure to take Britain out of the war had incredible strategic implications for the Germans. A country with an empire, a massive navy and plenty of space to build bomber bases remained in the position to threaten their gains in the west. With England (Britain) out of the war you can assume that the USA would not get involved, and if they would where would their staging area be? New York Harbor is a long way from Europe and Bombers couldn't fly that far. Not having a bomber threat meant that Germans could use the men (and woman) working the FLAK guns for something else. It also meant that the Germans now had to start building the Atlantic Wall to defend their vulnerable coastline. The time, money and materials invested in it could then have been used elsewhere. Invading Russia without taking out Britain was the turning point for me.
  43. 1 point
  44. 1 point
    This was my first drawing, which is a paratrooper in a shallow trench.
  45. 1 point
    My vote goes to the Sten. It changed the way armies looked at firearms - they were no longer like watches, to be looked after and repaired. If a Sten stops working, you throw it away, and indent for a new one. As disposable as a plastic razor. With the massive losses of equipment at Dunkirk, the UK needed replacements FAST, and the Sten came out of the trap like a champion greyhound - from idea to working prototype in just weeks. It was heavily influenced by the iconic Mp40 (Misnamed by many after Hugo Schmiesser) but WITHOUT the MP40's "unique selling point" - the mainspring of an MP40 is packaged up as a telescopic tube; when you disassemble the gun under field conditions, what falls out looks not like a spring, but more like a bicycle pump. Helps keep out the crud. Advanced Primer Ignition was not a new idea with the Sten, but is a clever idea to have incorporated. When you pull the trigger, and the sten's bolt moves forward, picking up a round along the way, it fires that round BEFORE the bolt has fully closed. The "bang" comes when the bolt is still moving forward - and that "bang" includes recoil, starting to push the bolt BACK before it fully closes. This impacts on the rate of fire: forces it down to a controllable level. It was retained in the Sterling (sucessor to the Sten, and the hardware I was encouraged to lug around with me rather a few years later.) In 1940, the Sten filled a dangerous gap in the country's armament, but didn't just "do the job"; it did it well enough to remain in production (as the Sterling) and be exported worldwide for several decades. It was produced with a built-in Maxim silencer - which worked very well - it was air dropped in huge numbers to resistance fighters all over the world. Many of the Stens dropped on Warsaw fell into German hands, and at the end of the war were pressed into German service (as were straight copies, made in Germany called the "Potsdam aparatus".) Stens were produced in sheds and garages all over occupied Europe by the resistance - it's just THAT simple a design. When the ENEMY is copying your gear... you know it's good.
  46. 1 point
    In WWII subs were not used to hunt other subs, the technology to detect submarines underwater didn't exist then. With regards to the ice pack, in WWII subs spent very little time underwater, they had small batteries that needed frequent charging. Going under the ice pack would be suicide.
  47. 1 point
    None of the above. While the P-51 gets deserved attention, it lacked credible firepower at first, (along with a lackluster power plant) and never really achieved the long range capabilities that was needed over Germany. That's why you don't see any of the top aces flying the Mustang, they just couldn't get to the fight, and if they did, they had to drop their tanks, fire off as many rounds as fast as they could, and run for home before they ran out of gas. The ME-109 was an out-dated design right from the start of the war, and only pulled in the big numbers against the poor Russians. Speaking of which, the YAK was a flying gas bomb. It could be argued that it was more beneficial to the Germans, than it was to the poorly trained Russian pilots who had to fly it. The Spitfire? While it was pretty, and it was arguably dearly loved by almost everyone who flew it, it was also a very delicate, temperamental aircraft, and more like a ballerina attempting to play ice hockey than a true fighter. The Mosquito? One word, wood. Anyone with a peashooter could blow holes in that thing big enough to shove a sheep through. (And often did, that's why it didn't really make any kind of impact at all during the war, until the Brits fitted it with radar, and started flying it under the cover of darkness.) I won't go through all of them, but I'll get straight to the point, Lockheed Lightning P-38. It never did well in Europe, (never did get it sorted out before the P-51 showed up, and despite it's drawbacks, the Mustang did better over Europe than the Lightning did.) But in the Pacific, the top two American aces of the war both flew the "Forked Tail Devil".
  48. 1 point
    u never get rid of the sounds, or sights . it will stay with you until we die. i have have problems with the rain, sounds of slicks going over and worst of everything is fireworks. u have PTSD weather u know it or not think about the time when u were incountry and see what makes u cringe
  49. 1 point
  50. 1 point
    Department of Homeland Security?? Interesting since they do not own or operate Davis Monthan. Why would they be involved in the future of an Air Force base or of the aircraft stored there?


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