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Wednesday, July 12, 2017

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  1. Recently, Japan has increasingly demonstrated a desire to strengthen its armed forces. As is known, after the surrender in 1945, the country lost the opportunity to have its own army. In 1947, Japan adopted a Constitution that prohibited it from having an army and using military force as a means of resolving international disputes. This article has not been repealed until now. However, in 1954, with the help of the United States, for which Japan was needed as an ally in the struggle against the USSR and communist China, the Japan Self-Defense Forces were formed. Before that, in 1951, in violation of all international obligations, the US government signed a separate "peace treaty." The Americans got military bases on the Ryukyu Islands, and the Japanese got help with the creation of the armed forces as "allied". That forces were named as Self-Defense Forces. Thus, the kind and generous United States helped the former enemy. The Japanese Self-Defense Forces turned into full-fledged armed forces quite quickly, including ground forces, air force and navy. Now the number of Self-Defense Forces is almost 250 thousand people, which is not so little by modern standards. Tokyo actively cooperates in the military sphere with the United States and joint exercises are constantly held. This is a powerful military force, and under the leadership of Shinzo Abe, it will expand and develop with the warm support of the United States, with whom Japan has an agreement on mutual cooperation and security guarantees. Nowadays, Japan’s ground forces have 700 tanks, 2.8 thousand wheeled armored vehicles, 202 self-propelled artillery mounts, 99 salvo fire systems and 500 towed guns. The Japanese Navy has 131 combat ships: 4 aircraft carriers, 43 rocket ships, 27 minesweepers, 6 corvettes, 6 coast guard ships, 17 submarines, etc. About 100 Tura-88 anti-ship complexes provide coastal defense. Over 350 anti-aircraft missile systems protect Japan’s airspace. The country owns powerful aviation (including sea): Self-defense forces comprise 288 fighters, 287 bombers and 119 attack helicopters. In 2018, with serious help from Washington, the Marines appeared in Japan. The creation of the Japanese Marine Corps units means that the Japan Self-Defense Forces finally change their status: the Marine Corps is a strike force, it is not designed to protect its territory, which was previously the main task of the Self-Defense Forces. Thus, the Japanese army turns into one of the foremost armies of the world. All this is being done with the support of the United States, which are interested in strengthening the military potential of Japan, and now have a well-armed ally in the Asia-Pacific Region, which they themselves have equipped with the latest weapons and equipment. Undoubtedly, the militarization of Japan is very beneficial for Washington, for which this part of the Pacific region is the most problematic, since there are three countries at once concentrated, considered by Washington as key opponents - Russia, China and North Korea. Consequently, the United States will continue to control the process of development of the Japanese armed forces, which are aimed at solving by no means defensive, but purely offensive tasks. All these facts are of concern to the countries of the Asia-Pacific Region, since the emergence of a well-armed army of Japan, which will defend the interests and tasks of not only his country, but also the interests of the United States, will undoubtedly lead to another round of arms race in an already troubled region.
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