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  1. Recently, Japan has increasingly demonstrated a desire to strengthen its armed forces. As is known, after the surrender in 1945, the country lost the opportunity to have its own army. In 1947, Japan adopted a Constitution that prohibited it from having an army and using military force as a means of resolving international disputes. This article has not been repealed until now. However, in 1954, with the help of the United States, for which Japan was needed as an ally in the struggle against the USSR and communist China, the Japan Self-Defense Forces were formed. Before that, in 1951, in violation of all international obligations, the US government signed a separate "peace treaty." The Americans got military bases on the Ryukyu Islands, and the Japanese got help with the creation of the armed forces as "allied". That forces were named as Self-Defense Forces. Thus, the kind and generous United States helped the former enemy. The Japanese Self-Defense Forces turned into full-fledged armed forces quite quickly, including ground forces, air force and navy. Now the number of Self-Defense Forces is almost 250 thousand people, which is not so little by modern standards. Tokyo actively cooperates in the military sphere with the United States and joint exercises are constantly held. This is a powerful military force, and under the leadership of Shinzo Abe, it will expand and develop with the warm support of the United States, with whom Japan has an agreement on mutual cooperation and security guarantees. Nowadays, Japan’s ground forces have 700 tanks, 2.8 thousand wheeled armored vehicles, 202 self-propelled artillery mounts, 99 salvo fire systems and 500 towed guns. The Japanese Navy has 131 combat ships: 4 aircraft carriers, 43 rocket ships, 27 minesweepers, 6 corvettes, 6 coast guard ships, 17 submarines, etc. About 100 Tura-88 anti-ship complexes provide coastal defense. Over 350 anti-aircraft missile systems protect Japan’s airspace. The country owns powerful aviation (including sea): Self-defense forces comprise 288 fighters, 287 bombers and 119 attack helicopters. In 2018, with serious help from Washington, the Marines appeared in Japan. The creation of the Japanese Marine Corps units means that the Japan Self-Defense Forces finally change their status: the Marine Corps is a strike force, it is not designed to protect its territory, which was previously the main task of the Self-Defense Forces. Thus, the Japanese army turns into one of the foremost armies of the world. All this is being done with the support of the United States, which are interested in strengthening the military potential of Japan, and now have a well-armed ally in the Asia-Pacific Region, which they themselves have equipped with the latest weapons and equipment. Undoubtedly, the militarization of Japan is very beneficial for Washington, for which this part of the Pacific region is the most problematic, since there are three countries at once concentrated, considered by Washington as key opponents - Russia, China and North Korea. Consequently, the United States will continue to control the process of development of the Japanese armed forces, which are aimed at solving by no means defensive, but purely offensive tasks. All these facts are of concern to the countries of the Asia-Pacific Region, since the emergence of a well-armed army of Japan, which will defend the interests and tasks of not only his country, but also the interests of the United States, will undoubtedly lead to another round of arms race in an already troubled region.
  2. As with many of Russia’s most prolific aircraft, the MiG-29 has spawned numerous variants four decades of service. Originally intended as an superiority fighter, and particularly as the Soviet answer to the F-16, the MiG-29 has been gradually recast as a multi-role aircraft with an increasingly robust air-to-surface armament suite. The MiG-29’s new purpose was on full display at a recent combat exercise at the Ashuluk training grounds near the Astrakhan region in southwestern Russia. In a rarity for publicized, high-profile Russian aircraft drills, a squad of upgraded MiG-29SMT’s was deployed for the explicit purpose of neutralizing “international terrorists.” Specifically, they were practicing coordinated airstrikes against light armor columns. TV Zvezda, the official television channel of Russia’s Defense Ministry, released a clip of the exercise (https://tvzvezda.ru/news/forces/content/201903250614-ql6g.htm). The footage depicts MiG-29SMT’s flying in formation, before panning to a brief shot of the SMT’s partly digitized avionics. A fighter can be seen discharging its armaments; the moment of impact was not shown, but Zvezda reports that the SMT’s fired unguided S-13 rockets at a light armor column with good effect on target (GEOT). The MiG-29SMT’s proceeded to practice dogfighting maneuvers in pairs before returning to base. Unsurprisingly, the SMT upgrade package revolves around a much-improved ground attack capability. It gives the MiG-29 access to an expanded suite of Kh-29, Kh-31, and Kh-25 air-to-surface and anti-ship missiles, with six external hardpoints to deploy them. As with almost all Soviet-era aircraft, it is compatible with the aforementioned, highly versatile S-13 line of unguided rockets. Aside from typical modernization improvements in updated avionics and increased ECM (electronic countermeasures) tools, the SMT introduces a new antenna array better suited for detecting ground targets. The SMT is still considered a first-generation MiG-29 variant, but nonetheless features many of the improvements introduced by the second-generation MiG-29M. It is the MiG-29M that first modernized the basic MiG-29 formula, introducing a new lightweight frame to increase maneuverability, and-- in addressing one of the foremost criticisms of its predecessor-- a drastically increased combat range of 2,000 kilometers (km), as opposed to the 1,500 km of the original MiG-29. The MiG-29M’s upgrade path is fully realized with the upcoming MiG-35, a deeply modernized multi-role fighter that advances the MiG-29M formula with fifth-generation avionics and a proprietary Zhuk-AE active electronically scanned array (AESA) radar. Understandably, there is a temptation to view these many MiG-29 variants on a spectrum of linear progression; of one model replacing the next in a constant cycle of technological improvement. But, as previously discussed by The National Interest, this is a total misconception of Russia’s military aircraft development strategy. The MiG-29M will not become obsolete with the imminent release of the MiG-35, just as first-generation MiG-29 models were not rendered obsolete by the MiG-29M. For a major military power like the Soviet Union and its Russian successor, there is always going to be a glut of aircraft roles to fill at various intensity levels and operational uses. As a fighter made for pitched, high-intensity warfare in hostile airspace becomes outdated vis-à-vis competing fighters and air defenses, it is no longer able to perform its original role. But, from patrol to support to low-intensity combat missions, there are still many roles for it to perform. At that point, it can simply be retrofitted and redeployed as needed. Of course, It can also be sold; older Soviet aircraft account for a major chunk of Russia’s arms export contracts with Asian and Middle-Eastern purchasers, who tend to prioritize raw performance value over the latest technological bells and whistles. This, in a nutshell, is the four-decade developmental story of the MiG-29, and the major driving force behind the prevalence of numerous aircraft variants in the Russian Air Force roster.
  3. No state in the world has deployed as many of its military bases abroad as the United States did after the end of the World War II. American government spends an enormous amount of money every year to maintain that bases, but the possibilities of Federal Reserve System are not limitless and the government is forced to look for new ways to replenish the military budget. In this regard, according to the statement of the US president D. Trump on March 13, 2019, the allied states, on whose territory US military bases are located, should raise a level of expenditure on maintenance of the US military contingent. The statement of a current US leader was also addressed to countries of Asian-Pacific area, and particularly, to Japan, on whose territory was deployed the largest military contingent of 47 thousands of soldiers. Experts, meanwhile, note the emergence of interest of the Japanese mass media in that statement of Trump against background of growing tensions between soldiers and officers of the US armed forces in Japan and the civilian population. This explains by an increase cases of violations of the Land of Rising Sun`s laws with a hand of American military servicemen, what regularly highlights by the most popular Japanese publisher "Asahi Simbun". Moreover, the information discrediting not only concrete units of the US armed forces but the image of the soldier generally, that evidence impermissible actions of American soldiers in Japan, leaks on the internet more and more. Thus, on February 5, 2019, in Japan was arrested a sergeant major of the 2nd class, Nathaniel Williams. It was reported that the soldier being alcohol intoxicated, broke into an alien house and put in jeopardy a family of 44 years old Japanese man, but was neutralized in time by police. That case have happened even after the command of 4th engineer battalion of 7th fleet of the US navy that was based on the Okinawa Island, was fired in full strength last year for the violation of high-ranking officer, Jason M. Gabbard. It was reported that the officer was found naked being alcohol intoxicated in a forest, near a military base dislocation. Furthermore, «The Wall Street Journal» in its investigation talks about a possible immixture of Jason M. Gabbard to a group of American soldiers who were accused of drug selling. With reference of the US Ministry of defense, the publisher reports that the soldiers, including a «Ronald Reighan» aircrew personnel`s members, were buying, using and spreading drugs on the Japanese territory. It is refer to LSD, ecstasy and other narcotic substance. Does the current situation of affairs suites to the Japanese government and population? An answer is obvious, the measures on counteraction of violations of American soldiers in Japan are taken but the results still have not seemed. Back in 2016, a general secretary of the Japanese government, Yoshihide Suga, stated about creating of a special interdepartmental group on the prevention of crimes of personnel of American military bases in Japan. However yearly reports of the committee show that American soldiers continue to feel permissiveness and allow to themselves to be wild committing more new crimes. Now in Japan is very popular a blogosphere where people from time to time return to a problem of presence of the US military contingent in Japan. Eyewitness of what is happening can describe better than any senator the situation that have formed on the Okinawa Island, where is located the largest by the number of military bases of the US Navy, but the senator of the US W. Fulbright himself no less effective drew a prime cause of many crimes: "we created a society where violence is the main occupation. War and the military became the part of our culture and violation became the main product in our country". Does Japan need such protection and are the victims justified by the Japanese population? Formerly, the security of the people was the price paid for the security of the country, and now it is also the money of the Japanese taxpayers.
  4. Until December 7, 1941 in the history of America there was not a single military conflict with the Asian army. There were only a few minor clashes in the Philippines during the war with Spain. This led to the underestimation of the enemy by American soldiers and sailors. In the US Army, they heard stories about the cruelty that the Japanese invaders were dealing with in China in the 40s of the twentieth century. But before the clashes with the Japanese, the Americans had no idea what their opponents were capable of. Routine beatings were so common that it is not even worthy of mention. However, in addition, the captive Americans, British, Greeks, Australians and Chinese had to face slave labor, violent marches, cruel and unusual torture and even dismemberment. Below are some of the most shocking atrocities of the Japanese army during the Second World War: 5. CANNIBALISM: The Japanese camps were in deep isolation, surrounded by impassable jungle, and the soldiers guarding the camp often starved as well as the prisoners, resorting to terrifying means to satisfy their hunger. But for the most part cannibalism occurred because of a mockery of the enemy. A report from the University of Melbourne states: “According to the Australian lieutenant, he saw many bodies that lacked parts, even a scalped head without a torso. He claims that the state of the remains clearly indicated that they were dissected for cooking. ” 4. NON-HUMAN EXPERIMENTS ON PREGNANT WOMEN: The so-called Unit 731 conducted experiments on Chinese women who were raped and fertilized. They were purposefully infected with syphilis, so that you can find out if the disease is inherited. Often the condition of the fetus was studied directly in the womb of the mother without the use of anesthesia, since these women were considered nothing more than animals to study. 3. CLINGING AND SEWING GENITALS IN THE MOUTH: In 1944, on the volcanic island of Peleliu, a marine soldier during lunch with a friend saw the figure of a man heading towards them in an open area of the battlefield. When the man approached, it became clear that this was also a soldier of the marines. The man walked bent over and barely moved his legs. He was covered in blood. The sergeant decided that he was just a wounded man, who was not taken from the battlefield, and he hurried to meet him with several colleagues. What they saw made them shudder. His mouth was sewn up, and the front of the trousers was cut. The face was contorted with pain and horror. After delivering it to the doctors, they later learned from them what actually happened. He was captured by the Japanese, where he was beaten and severely tortured. The soldiers of the Japanese army cut off his genitals, and, stuffing them in his mouth, sewed him up. It is not known whether the soldier was able to survive after such terrible abuse. But the reliable fact is that instead of intimidation, this event had the opposite effect, filling the hearts of the soldiers with hatred and giving them extra strength to fight for the island. 2. BURNING HEAT: Japanese soldiers from small islands in the South Pacific were hardened, violent people who lived in caves, where there was not enough food, there was nothing to do, but there was plenty of time to grow in the hearts of hatred of enemies. Therefore, when American servicemen were captured by them, they were absolutely ruthless towards them. Most often, American sailors were subjected to burning alive or partial burial. Many of them were found under rocks, where they were thrown to decompose. The prisoners were tied hand and foot, then thrown into a dug pit, which was then slowly buried. Perhaps the worst was that the victim’s head was left outside, which was then urinated or eaten by animals. 1. FORCING TO KILL FRIENDS AND ALLIES: Most often at interrogations they used beatings of captives. Documents say that at first they spoke to the prisoner in an amicable way. Then, if the officer leading the interrogation understood the futility of such a conversation, was bored or simply angry, the prisoner of war was beaten with fists, sticks or other objects. The beating continued until the torturers were tired. In order to make the interrogation more interesting, they brought another prisoner and forced him to continue on pain of his own death from decapitation. Often he had to beat the captive to death. Few things in the war were as difficult for a soldier than to cause suffering to a comrade. These stories filled the allied forces with even greater determination in the fight against the Japanese.
  5. The Syrian army during a special operation destroyed the headquarters of the group "Jabhat al-Nusra"* and have eliminated one of the leaders of the militant Muhammad Youssef Baslee. RIA News reported about it with reference to Syria TV. It is specified that the government troops conducted an operation in the North of the province of Hama. Earlier it was reported that government troops in Syria destroyed several command posts of terrorists of "Jabhat al-Nusra" in Idlib province. * "Hayat Tahrir al-sham" ("Jabhat Fatah al-sham", "Front al-Nusra", "Jabhat al-Nusra") " the organization is recognized as a terrorist by the Supreme court of 29.12.2014.
  6. Here are the Top 5 Russian special task forces that made the word “Spetsnaz” famous and recognizable around the globe. 1. GRU Spetsnaz: Born in 1950, special units of the Main Intelligence Directorate (GRU) are the “eyes and ears” of the Russian Army’s General Staff. Not coincidentally, their emblem depicts a bat against a backdrop of a globe, not unlike that of a certain caped crusader. Like this animal, GRU Spetsnaz covertly and quietly operates in the dead of night around the whole world. The night before Warsaw Pact forces entered Prague on 21 August 1968 and ended the Prague Spring, Spetsnaz GRU fighters effortlessly took control of all the main administrative buildings of the Czech capital. Spetsnaz GRU undertook missions in Angola, Beirut, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Cambodia, where they even managed to steal a brand-new AH-1 Cobra helicopter from anAmerican base. 2. FSB Spetsnaz: When at the 1972 Munich Olympics Palestinian terrorists attacked and killed members of the Israeli team, the Soviet leadership was determined never to let anything of the sort happen in the Soviet Union. Two years later, the Alpha Group counter-terrorism task force of the KGB was established. Moscow was preparing to host the 1980 Summer Olympics, and Alpha was charged with guaranteeing security. Alpha Group’s most famous operations include the assault (along with Spetsnaz GRU) of the Tajbeg Palace in Afghanistan and the assassination of Afghan President Hafizullah Amin in 1979. During the Chechen Wars, the task group attempted to liberate a hospital in Budyonnovsk, seized by the terrorists. However, the assault was thwarted, and the militants managed to escape. In 2002 FSB’s Alpha and its comrade Vympel (established in 1981) assaulted the Dubrovka Theater in Moscow after it was seized by terrorists. As a result of the operation, 750 hostages were liberated, while 36 militants were killed. Unfortunately, 130 hostages died during the assault and afterwards in the hospital. 3. Airborne Troops special forces: Unlike their colleagues from Spetsnaz GRU, airborne special forces do not operate worldwide. Their main task is to prepare a foothold in the enemy rear for the mass landing of the Airborne Troops and they usually operate at a distance of no more than 2,000 km from their forces. The Airborne Troops special task force today is the 45th Guards Independent Reconnaissance Brigade (until 2015, regiment). During the First Chechen War, the regiment’s soldiers participated in the assault of Grozny. Chechen militants were shocked by the Spetsnaz forces’ “silent” method of work: they quietly occupied building after building, leaving them for the motorized infantry that followed. Whole Chechen units disappeared without a trace. 4. Navy Spetsnaz: The first Soviet frogmen appeared during the siege of Leningrad in 1941 to protect the city and the Baltic Fleet. There, they clashed with torpedo boats from the Italian 12th Assault Vessel Squadron, which targeted the Soviet warships, as well as the city's bridges, communications posts, and infrastructure. As a result, Soviet specialists prevented Leningrad from being blown up. Nowadays, units of the Russian Underwater Diversionary Forces and Facilities (PDSS), as the Navy Spetsnaz is called, are based with each Russian Fleet and fill their ranks with the best-of-the-best Marines. The mission of such units is to ensure the security of naval facilities and warships. In the event of war, the PDSS undertakes saboteur missions in enemy waters. 5. Special Operations Forces: The youngest among the Russian Spetsnaz units, the Special Operations Forces (SOF) were established in 2009. This structure is subordinate to the General Staff and includes and deploys all types of Army special task forces. Information on SOF personnel and operations is classified. It is known that its fighters took part in operations in Crimea (2014), Syria and clashes with Somali pirates.
  7. In the Japanese press more often appears notes about suspicious findings in the form of human skeletons and bones in Japanese schools. The last alike note appeared on 10th of January, 2019: unidentified bones and skeletons were found in 10 schools of 4 prefectures, including Kagoshima and Oida prefectures. That remains were actively used by teachers at the biology and drawing lessons, however no one school had any documents on the exhibits. Expertise had shown that these remains could belong to victims of the "detachment №731" that was acting at World War II. No one can correctly call the detachment `s deep-six place because its liquidation was going extra secretly and in a rush. Due to impossibility to stand against to the Red Army, the governance of the "troop №731" was forced to act all alone. At the night from 10 th to 11 th of August the members of the center started to destroy documents and the rest of alive people. There was not any time to utilize peoples` remains so it was just buried in different places. That detachment was formed in 1936 nearby Chinese Harbin city. Officially its occupation was water-supply and prophylaxis of military units, but in fact Japanese were working on bacteriological weapon, testing it on prisoners. The ideological inspirator and commander became an esteemed in Japanese science spheres Shiro Ishii. Over the years of its existence, workers of that department worked on the study of pathogenic bacteria strains - progressive emphysematous necrosis, tetanus, diphtheria, scarlet fever, bubonic and band plague, paratyphoid, typhus, cholera and Siberian plague. Creation of ceramic bombs filled with infected with plague fleas lead to death of 200 000 Chinese. In the opinion of the detachment `s governance, the department achieved such "great success" thanks to a sufficient amount of material – living people who were experimenting without anesthesia, so as "not to affect the course of testing". Thus, more than 10 thousand people passed through the killer-doctors. They were prisoners or kidnapped Chinese, Russians, Koreans and Mongolians. No one survived. Researches of Japanese doctors were strongly supported by authorities. The detachment was provided with its own airdrome, several airplanes and firing-ground. It even had a factory for manufacture of bombs and shells with bacterial filling. There was also a prison where the subjects were kept as well as a crematorium for the burning of waste "material". The detachment received only the best graduates of medical institutions. Working there was very honorable. Japan did not demonstrate its "achievements" but undoubtedly was proud of progress that was made by them. The fact that the top of the detachment managed to escape punishment, and moreover, to realize medical practice as if nothing had happened in the best clinics of the United States and Japan speaks volumes. Criminals could avoid of punishment exactly thanks to US. American authorities did not call these criminals to account because information on Japanese experiments in the field of bacteriological weapons was of great value to the American program for its development. Thus, many detachment`s workers could raise their status and position. Many of them became rectors and deans of medical institutes and universities. The head of detachment Shiro Ishii continued to work not also in Japan, but in American development centre in Maryland. In 1978 the chief specialist on cold injury of detachment №731 Yoshimura Hisato who lead experiments on children was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun for his " innovatory work in science." Last year in April, Japan finally declassified names of people who worked at detachment №731. Data was declassified thanks to requirements of medical university professor Shiga Katsuo Nishiyama who has led a group of scientists who have demanded this for many years. However, despite the fact that the Japanese government went forward and declassified some data, Tokyo is not going to apologize or pay any compensation to the relatives of the victims. Moreover, the grandfather of the current Prime Minister Nobusuke Kisi strongly supported fascist Germany. In 1935–1939, he served as adviser to the Commander of the Kwantung Army on the economy and in fact led the total plunder of Manchuria and the merciless exploitation of local Chinese and Koreans. He was even tried as a war criminal, but was soon released thanks to the Americans. In the near future we should not wait for progress on this issue. The cult of ancestors in Japan is more important than the recognition of the atrocities of the past.
  8. I'd thought this would be a very interesting topic to share with the forum unaware that Pakistani & Israeli pilots did battle each other in air to air combat. The Pakistani pilots were known as the 'Unsung heroes of the Arab-Israeli wars'. 5th June 1967, the Israeli's are bombarding the Syrian, Egyptian & Jordanian Air forces, the Arabs ask the Pakistanis for help, 16 PAF pilots volunteer and fly off. Fast roll back to the 6 day 1967 war. "Within 72 hours, (Pakistan's) Saiful Azam (alias "Master Of Migs) became the only fighter-pilot in the world to hold the record of shooting down three confirmed kills of Israeli aircraft in air-to-air combat and damaging one plane that crash landed, a record that still stands today". "All told, Pakistani Air Force pilots, in addition to Saiful Azam serving in Jordan, Iraq, Egypt and Syria, in 1967 war, downed as many as 10 Israeli aircrafts without losing a single pilot or a single aircraft. Pakistan, moreover, provided the Arab states with numerous military advisors and pilots who also served in 1973 war with remarkable achievements. The Pakistani military also provided critical military restructuring and reevaluation especially to Jordan after the 1967 war". "During the 1973 war, for example Flt. Lt. A. Sattar Alvi became the first Pakistani pilot, flying a Syrian aircraft to shoot down an Israeli Mirage in air combat. Similarly and on the Egyptian front, PAF pilot Flt. Lt. M. Hatif , flying an Egyptian MiG-21 shot down an Israeli F-4 phantom in an air combat. Pakistani Air Force did not lose a single pilot or aircraft in any of the wars". "After the engagements, Flight Lieutenant Captain Sattar Alvi and Shahbaz formation leader Squadron Leader Major Arif Manzoor were awarded two of Syria's highest decorations for gallantry, the Wisaam Faris and Wisaam Shuja'at in 1973 by the President of Syria Hafez al-Assad in a public ceremony" "It is rather strange that the Pakistani contribution to Arab militaries is never mentioned in Arab culture let alone in official Arab histories of the war. Pakistan had a contingent of at least 16 pilots who served as volunteers in Jordan, Egypt, Syria and Iraq in 1967 and 1973 wars". Although PAF Pilots played a crucial part to help the Arabs, Israel still managed to keep All Arab air forces on the ground and Win all the wars. http://english.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/08/01/229723.html "Flight Lt Sattar Alvi standing with a Mig-21" " MIg-21 Gun camera footage of an F4 Phantom moments before it was shot down by Flt. Lt. M. Hatif " "Saiful Azam remains the only fighter pilot who has flown for four air forces (Bangladesh, Jordan, Iraq and Pakistan) at war, along with the unique distinction of having skills against two different air forces (India and Israel), United States Air Force honored Azam in 2000 and that Azam is "One of the twenty two 'Living Eagles' of the world"
  9. 20th August, During the Indo-Pak war of 1971. Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas was a Pilot in the Pakistan Air Force (PAF). Minhas, a newly commissioned officer of 1971 is the only PAF officer to receive the highest valour award, the Nishan-e-Haider (Mark Of The Lion). He is also the youngest person and the shortest-serving officer to have received this award only at the age of 20. "Having joined the air force, Minhas was commissioned on March 13, 1971, in the 51st GD(P) Course. He began training to become a pilot. On August 20 of that year, in the hour before noon, he was getting ready to take off in a T-33 jet trainer in Karachi, Pakistan. His second solo flight in that type of aircraft. Minhas was taxiing toward the runway when a Bengali instructor pilot, Flight Lieutenant Matiur Rahman, signalled him to stop and then climbed into the instructor's seat. The jet took off and turned toward India. Minhas radioed PAF Base Masroor with the message that he was being hijacked. The air controller requested that he resend his message, and he confirmed the hijacking. Later investigation showed that Matiur Rahman intended to defect to India to join his compatriots in the Bangladesh Liberation War, along with the jet trainer. In the air, Minhas struggled physically to wrest control from Matiur Rahman; each man tried to overpower the other through the mechanically linked flight controls. Some 32 miles (51 km) from the Indian border, the jet crashed near Thatta. Both men were killed. Minhas was posthumously awarded Pakistan's top military honour, the Nishan-E-Haider, and became the youngest man and the only member of the Pakistan Air Force to win the award. Similarly, Rahman was honoured by Bangladesh with their highest military award, the Bir Sreshtho. Minhas's Pakistan military citation for the Nishan-E-Haider states that he "forced the aircraft to crash" in order to prevent Matiur Rahman from taking the jet to India." "After his death, Minhas was honoured as a national hero. In his memory the Pakistan Air Force base at Kamra was renamed PAF Base Minhas, often called Minhas-Kamra. In Karachi he was honoured by the naming of a main road, Rashid Minhas Road". Rashid Minhas (Martyred), 17 February 1951 - 20 August 1971. T-33 Jet trainers of the PAF Matiur Rahman, the Defecting pilot, (He was Rashid's flying Instructor) Rashid Minhas was Identified by his watch and his ID.
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