By Maksym Chornyi
IAN KERSHAW – HITLER
An enormously detailed 2000-page-volume ‘HITLER’ by Ian Kershaw is indeed among the best examples of military history studies. As mean to express respect to the author, I have made, as always, an enthusiastically detailed material on the first volume (1889-1936: Hubris). I invite you to deepen into Kershaw’s career and motivation, to examine correlation with previous classic Hitler’s biographies (Bullock, Fest, Maser, Hamann, Toland), to draw the lines on popular myths with I. Kershaw.
I hope this exhaustive book review would motivate you to invest time in reading. I would greatly appreciate your feedback. You may now find a ‘follow’ button within the article to stay in touch.
Until December 7, 1941 in the history of America there was not a single military conflict with the Asian army. There were only a few minor clashes in the Philippines during the war with Spain. This led to the underestimation of the enemy by American soldiers and sailors.
In the US Army, they heard stories about the cruelty that the Japanese invaders were dealing with in China in the 40s of the twentieth century. But before the clashes with the Japanese, the Americans had no idea what their opponents were capable of.
Routine beatings were so common that it is not even worthy of mention. However, in addition, the captive Americans, British, Greeks, Australians and Chinese had to face slave labor, violent marches, cruel and unusual torture and even dismemberment. Below are some of the most shocking atrocities of the Japanese army during the Second World War:
The Japanese camps were in deep isolation, surrounded by impassable jungle, and the soldiers guarding the camp often starved as well as the prisoners, resorting to terrifying means to satisfy their hunger. But for the most part cannibalism occurred because of a mockery of the enemy. A report from the University of Melbourne states: “According to the Australian lieutenant, he saw many bodies that lacked parts, even a scalped head without a torso. He claims that the state of the remains clearly indicated that they were dissected for cooking. ”
4. NON-HUMAN EXPERIMENTS ON PREGNANT WOMEN:
The so-called Unit 731 conducted experiments on Chinese women who were raped and fertilized. They were purposefully infected with syphilis, so that you can find out if the disease is inherited. Often the condition of the fetus was studied directly in the womb of the mother without the use of anesthesia, since these women were considered nothing more than animals to study.
3. CLINGING AND SEWING GENITALS IN THE MOUTH:
In 1944, on the volcanic island of Peleliu, a marine soldier during lunch with a friend saw the figure of a man heading towards them in an open area of the battlefield. When the man approached, it became clear that this was also a soldier of the marines. The man walked bent over and barely moved his legs. He was covered in blood. The sergeant decided that he was just a wounded man, who was not taken from the battlefield, and he hurried to meet him with several colleagues.
What they saw made them shudder. His mouth was sewn up, and the front of the trousers was cut. The face was contorted with pain and horror. After delivering it to the doctors, they later learned from them what actually happened. He was captured by the Japanese, where he was beaten and severely tortured. The soldiers of the Japanese army cut off his genitals, and, stuffing them in his mouth, sewed him up. It is not known whether the soldier was able to survive after such terrible abuse. But the reliable fact is that instead of intimidation, this event had the opposite effect, filling the hearts of the soldiers with hatred and giving them extra strength to fight for the island.
2. BURNING HEAT:
Japanese soldiers from small islands in the South Pacific were hardened, violent people who lived in caves, where there was not enough food, there was nothing to do, but there was plenty of time to grow in the hearts of hatred of enemies. Therefore, when American servicemen were captured by them, they were absolutely ruthless towards them. Most often, American sailors were subjected to burning alive or partial burial. Many of them were found under rocks, where they were thrown to decompose. The prisoners were tied hand and foot, then thrown into a dug pit, which was then slowly buried. Perhaps the worst was that the victim’s head was left outside, which was then urinated or eaten by animals.
1. FORCING TO KILL FRIENDS AND ALLIES:
Most often at interrogations they used beatings of captives. Documents say that at first they spoke to the prisoner in an amicable way. Then, if the officer leading the interrogation understood the futility of such a conversation, was bored or simply angry, the prisoner of war was beaten with fists, sticks or other objects. The beating continued until the torturers were tired. In order to make the interrogation more interesting, they brought another prisoner and forced him to continue on pain of his own death from decapitation. Often he had to beat the captive to death. Few things in the war were as difficult for a soldier than to cause suffering to a comrade. These stories filled the allied forces with even greater determination in the fight against the Japanese.
By Julien Brown
Project ’44 is the first part of an online commemoration project set to launch this summer for the 75th anniversary of the D-Day landings. The website will combine digitize maps, war diaries, Aerial Imagery, photos and documents to create an unprecedented online experience.
You will have the ability to navigate the 87 days of combat and interact with all of the First Canadian Army units from division to brigade and 70+ regimental units, 37 Squadrons of the RCAF and a mixed force of Allied and Canadian ships of Force J and bombardment Force E. All of which participated in the Normandy Campaign from June 6 to August 30 1944. As you move the time slider each unit’s war diaries will also be available and you will be able to follow along in the day to day actions of each unit and the engagements they fought.
We are very proud to have created the largest digital database of unit positions of the battle of Normandy. This data set will be unique in that it will allow further research and give the opportunity to all Canadians and the world to have a better understanding of WHO fought WHERE during the Normandy Campaign. I say again this is the worlds largest database of GEOREFERENCED positions ever created with content that as not been seen in over 60 years.
Please follow us on facebook, Instagram, twitter and linkedin under the Canadian Research and Mapping Association.
By Miriam Anne Gaddis
My Dad was in WW2. I grew up in the 50's and remember him talking to Mom about the millions of Jews they found in underground ammo factories in the forests. He was reading about it again in the papers. When I got my first computer in the early 80's I was able to pull up those historical articles, but they've since been washed from the Internet. Would love to find out more about this subject, and have copies of those articles.